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基本概况

 

  乐(yuè)清为中国浙江省县级市,隶属于浙江省地级市温州市。
  乐清位于浙江省东南部沿海,东临乐清湾,南临瓯江。全市陆地面积1174平方公里,海域面积270平方公里,辖21个建制镇,10个乡,人口116万。这里气候温和,水土肥沃,自然资源丰富,素有“旅游胜地”、“鱼米之乡”之称,在温州、台州、宁波、舟山沿海走廊中,乐清历来是主要的经贸集散地。
  乐清历史悠久,人文荟萃。远在四千年前,东瓯先民即在此繁衍生息,流下了许多石斧、石锛、石矛、石犁、石坠等石器。乐清历史上曾有过王十朋、翁卷、李孝光、赵士桢、章纶、高友玑等名人。王十朋为南宋开科状元,翁卷为南宋“永嘉四灵”诗派的杰出代表,李孝光为元朝一代文豪,《元史》称他“以文章负名于世”,赵士桢为明代杰出兵器专家,其火器发明列为当时世界先进。铸于宋元祐七年的能仁大镬,属亚洲第一大镬,它折射出了乐清市悠久而璀璨的历史文化之光。
  乐清是中国市场经济发育最早、经济发展最具活力的地区之一,改革开放以来,乐清人扮演“弄潮儿“的角色,以敢为天下先而闻名四方,率先建立了以股份制为主要组织形式的经济发展格局,引起了海内外新闻界、经济界、学术界的普遍关注。从1993年开始,乐清跨入综合实力百强县(市)行列。2004年全市国内生产总值252.5亿元,城镇居民人均可支配收入15945元,人均居住面积40.1平方米,农村居民人均纯收入7547元,人均居住面积41.8平方米,人民生活水平达到了中国政府提出的“小康”生活标准。
  乐清已形成一个城镇群,以市政府所在地乐成镇为中心,全市分布着16个经省政府批准的对外开放重点卫星镇,这些卫星镇分布合理,建设颇具规模,其中柳市、乐成、虹桥、北白象四地人经济综合实力跻身温州“十强”、浙江“百强”行列。
  乐清于93年经国务院批准撤县设市后,便开始雄心勃勃地编制现代化中等城市的总体规划,原先这些若即若离的城镇,大多成了新市区的一部分。乐成片为政治文化科教中心,柳市、北白象片为工业中心,虹桥片为商贸中心,七里港片为储运中心,翁垟片为石化中心,雁荡山和中雁荡山为旅游度假中心,乐清的这种城市格局被专家称为组团式城市。如今,一个集工贸、旅游、港口为一体的现代化中等城市,正悄然崛起于东海之滨。乐清市被命名为国家火炬计划智能电器产业基地、中华全国钻头(建工)产业基地和中国电器之都、 “中国电子元器件产业基地”、“中国精密模具生产基地” 、“中国断路器产业基地”、“中国防爆电器生产基地”、“中国泥蚶之乡”、“中国鲨鱼加工基地”、“中国牡蛎之乡”、“中国民间文化艺术之乡”。
  乐清是温州经济模式的发祥地。早在20世纪70年代中期,家庭作坊、个体工业已在乐清市兴起。80年代出现了股份合作企业,现已逐步走向规范化,并已向集团化方向发展。股份合作经济给乐清工业经济发展开创了“黄金时代”,全市现已建成工业小区25个,标准厂房310万平方米,有近1500家企业进入工业园区,分布在104国道乐清段两侧,构成长达50多公里的“工业走廊”,集团公司51家,其中38家为全国无区域集团,6家企业跨入了全国知名乡镇企业行列,形成了以低压电器、电子、机械、仪表、服装、皮革、船舶修造、工艺美术等为主导行业的工业体系。
  乐清市场网络健全,全市拥有生产资料和消费品贸易专业市场82个,其中较大规模的10个,年总成交额43.6多亿元。柳市低压电器、虹桥电子元器件专业市场分别被称为“低压电器之都”、“电子元器件基地”。全市现有30万人在全国各地经商、办企业、建市场、建立了覆盖全国的市场信息网和乐清产品营销网络。随着“质量立市,科技兴业”意识的确立,拳头产品不断问世。质量科技型经济加快发展,高新技术产业化进程加快。在国家“长征二号”捆绑式火箭、核潜艇和正负电子对撞机中,都有乐清生产的配件。全市已有78家企业通过了ISO9000质量体系认证,其中一家企业还通过了ISO14000环保体系认证。“正泰”、“德力西”被认定为中国驰名商标,“天正”“人民”等11个商标被认定为浙江省著名商标。2002年,实施国家重点新产品计划3个,火炬计划11项,星火计划5项,省级新产品试制128项;累计获得专利产品2647项,1996年,进入中国科技工作先进县(市)行列。
  乐清被国务院列为首批对外开放县市后,便把目光瞄准了国际市场,外向型经济蓬勃发展。2004年,全市外贸进出口总额4.4亿美元,其中出口4.13亿美元,分别增长30.5%和36.2%。利用外资规模不断扩大,全年新批外商投资企业19家,总投资8685万美元;合同利用外资7024万美元,实际利用外资1172万美元,分别增长125.3%和5%。
  土地适度规模经营为乐清首创,并且发展势头强劲,目前,全市1/3以上耕地掌握在3200多户规模经营户手里,其中经营百亩以上的各类农场352家,土地适度规模经济继续朝着农田园林化、设施机械化的方向发展。乐清教育、文化发展迅速,民间办学极富特色,现有民办中小学和职业技术学校29所,幼儿园548所,建立了乐清广播电视台,创办了《乐清报》,涌现出了一批有影响的艺术家,乐成和虹桥两镇还被命名为浙江省“东海文化明珠”。
  乐清山水形胜,拥有雁荡山、乐清湾、七里港等三大资源优势。
  雁荡山史称“东海第一山”,以“山水奇秀”著称于我国十大名山之中,素有“海上名山”、“寰中绝胜”之誉,景区分布着600多个景点,面积450平方公里,1982年被列为全国首批重点风景名胜区之一,2004年获“国家地质公园”和“世界地质公园”称号,年游客流量达100多万人次。
  雁荡山奇峰怪石,飞瀑流泉,充满天然韵味,为笔墨难以形容。灵峰夜景,移步换形,惟妙惟肖,为国内所独有;灵岩古洞石室,悬崖叠嶂,奇峰秀石,卓尔不群;大龙湫气势磅礴,变幻莫测,流水落差197米,列全国第一。灵峰、灵岩、大龙湫三大景区荟萃了雁荡的精华,被称为“雁荡三绝”。北宋科学家沈括、明代旅行家徐霞客、清代诗人袁枚、近代康有为、孙科、蔡元培、现代郭沫若、邓拓等文化名人都对雁荡山咏叹不已。
  中雁荡山是乐清的又一处国家级风景名胜区,玉甑峰威镇一方,气势逼人,若登高揽胜,则有君临天下、目空一切之感。从雁荡山到中雁荡山,它们呈南北走势,联袂构成了一条国内少有的旅游画廊,处处风流,妙处难以言说。
  乐清山胜,水也灵。乐清湾是国内罕见的“海洋牧场”,拥有海涂20余万亩,浅海水域18万亩。盛产黄鱼、带鱼、鲳鱼、墨鱼、弹涂鱼和梭子蟹、蝤蛑、蛏子、对虾等,是一个鲜活的经年收获的海湾。乐清湾海水养殖产量居浙江省首位,特别是蛏子和对虾养殖,在全国占有重要地位,乐清清江为国家试点的养殖基地,目前已形成生态群,其发展前景十分美好。
  被称为乐清海上门户的黄华七里港区,是我国20个重点港口之一。海岸线长142公里,可建造万吨级以上泊位36个,主航道150多年来恒稳不变,是宁波至厦门一线唯一而适中的深水港区。
  现已建成七里港一期工程,港口年吞吐能力达401万吨,七里港以其独特的地理位置将成为建设中的温州大港核心。
  近年来,乐清的基础设施日臻完善。在距离市中心25公里的半径范围内有黄华七里和温州两座大港,有距乐清境内仅20公里的温州机场和30公里的路桥机场,有与全国铁路网相连的金华至温州铁路终点站,北京至福州的104国道南北横穿乐清全境,在建的黑龙江同江至海南三亚沿海高速公路乐清段已全线通车。位于磐石镇的温州电厂一期工程已投入运行,沪-浙-闽-穗大容量光缆干线在乐清市境内的乐成镇和雁荡镇切口。全市程控电话交换机容量达49.4万门,建成了宽带小区和精品信息化小区72个。城镇自来水普及率达100%。均名列浙江省前茅。
  乐清正以其优越的地理位置、良好的基础设施和强大的综合实力,围绕现代化中等城市建设总目标,实施工业园区化、农业产业化、城市现代化、区域均衡化、环境优化战略,积极营造改革开放的思想环境、繁荣健康的文化环境、团结和谐的社会环境、优美整洁的生活环境,大力推进沿海岸线的“海上乐清”和港口建设,沿104国道线的工业走廊和文明走廊建设,沿雁荡山脉的旅游画廊和山老区开发建设,积极营造改革开放的思想环境、繁荣健康的文化特色、时代特征、乐清特点的发展路子,把乐清建设成一个经济发达、文化繁荣、社会进步、人民富裕的现代化中等城市。

 

   Music (yuè) Qing China's Zhejiang Province, county-level cities, prefecture-level city belonging Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province.
   Yueqing in Zhejiang Province, south-east coast of the east Yueqing Bay, south Oujiang. The city's land area of 1174 square kilometers, sea area of 270 square kilometers, jurisdiction over 21 towns, 10 townships, population 1.16 million. Here mild climate, fertile soil, abundant natural resources, known as a "tourist destination", "land of plenty," said, in Wenzhou, Taizhou, Ningbo, Zhoushan coastal corridor Yueqing has always been a vital economic hub.
   Yueqing has a long history, human and cultural resources. As far away as four thousand years ago, the East Ou ancestors that in this to survive, to shed a number of stone axes, stone , stone spears, stone plow, stone and other stone falling. Yueqing history, there had been 10-Peng Wang, Weng volumes, Lee Hyo-light, Zhao Zhen, Zhang Lun, GAO You-chi and other celebrities. Wang Peng 10 Division champion for the Southern Song Dynasty, Weng volumes for the Southern Song Dynasty, "Yongjia four spirits," Poetry of the outstanding representative of the Yuan Dynasty Lee Hyo-light for the generation writer, "Yuan history," calling him "to bear name of the article known to the world," Zhao Zhen of the Ming Dynasty outstanding weapons experts, the invention of firearms as the world's most advanced at that time. Song Yuanyou cast in the seven years of Nengren large wok, is Asia's first large wok, it reflects a long and brilliant Yueqing light of history and culture.
   Yueqing is the earliest development of China's market economy, economic development, one of the most dynamic of reform and opening up, Yueqing who play a "beach-goers" role in order to first in the world known for the Quartet, the first established a joint-stock system as the main form of organization economic development pattern, caused the press at home and abroad, economic sector, the academic attention. Beginning in 1993, Yueqing into the comprehensive strength hundred counties (cities) in the ranks. In 2004 the city's 25.25 billion yuan of gross domestic product, per capita disposable income of urban residents was 15,945 yuan, the per capita living space of 40.1 square meters for rural residents per capita net income 7547 yuan, the per capita living space of 41.8 square meters, and the people's living standards to the Chinese government put forward The "well-off" standard of living.
   Yueqing has formed a group of cities and towns to the municipal government as the central location of the town of Le-cheng, the city's distribution of the 16 approved by the provincial government focus on opening up satellite town, the town of the distribution of these satellites is reasonable, the building of large-scale, in which Liu City, Le-cheng, Hongqiao, North white elephant the four people in comprehensive economic strength among the Wenzhou "top ten" Zhejiang "hundred" list.
   Yueqing in 93 counties by the State Council approved the withdrawal of a city, I started an ambitious modernization of medium-sized cities to prepare the overall planning, the original of these ambiguous on the town, most of them become a new urban part of it. Le film as a political and cultural science and education into the center, Liu City, North white elephant piece for the industrial center, Hongqiao film as a commercial center, seven miles from Hong Kong and for the storage and transportation center, Weng Sanyang piece for the petrochemical center, Yandang and tourism in Yandangshan resort city of Yueqing This pattern is considered by experts aszu tuan shi cheng shi . Now, a set of industry and trade, tourism, port-a modern medium-sized cities, is quietly emerging in the East China Sea. Yueqing City, was named the national Torch Program Intelligent Electric Industrial Base, the Chinese National Drill (Construction) industry base and the China Electric Capital, "China's electronic components industry base", "production base of Chinese precision mold", "China Circuit Breaker Industries Base "," explosion-proof electrical appliances production base in China "," Chinese Hometown of Tegillarca "," Shark processing base in China "," Chinese Hometown of Oyster "," Chinese folk culture and art of town. "
   Yueqing Wenzhou economic model is the birthplace. As early as the mid-70s in the 20th century, family workshops, individual industries has been the rise in Yueqing city. 80 years emerged joint-stock cooperative enterprises, have been gradually moving towards standardization, and have group-oriented. Stock cooperative economy to Yueqing industrial economic development to create a "golden age", the city's industrial district 25 have been built, standard factory building 3.1 million square meters, nearly 1,500 enterprises to enter the industrial park, located in 104 State Road, Yueqing segment on both sides, constitute a for more than 50 kilometers of "industrial corridor", Group 51, including 38 for the national non-regional groups, six companies have entered the ranks of the national well-known township and village enterprises, and formed a low-voltage electrical appliances, electronics, machinery, instruments, clothing , leather, ship repair, arts and crafts-oriented industries such as industrial system.
   Yueqing a sound marketing network, the city has the means of production and consumer goods, trade in the professional market, 82, in which large-scale 10, the total turnover of more than 43.6 billion yuan. Willow City, low-voltage electrical appliances, electronic components Hongqiao professional market and were known as the "low-voltage electrical appliances capital", "electronic parts base." There are now 30 million people in the city throughout the country to do business, run businesses, build markets, and established a market information network covering the whole country, and Yueqing product marketing network. With the "enterprise with science and technology enterprise," the consciousness of the establishment of high-quality products continue to come out. The quality of science and technology accelerated economic development, high-tech industrialization was accelerated. In the country "long march on the 2nd," strap-on rockets, nuclear submarines and electron-positron collider, there are Yueqing components produced. The city has 78 enterprises passed the ISO9000 quality system certification, in which a company has passed the ISO14000 environment system certification. "Chint", "Deli West" was identified as China Well-known Trademark "Tengen" "people" such as 11 have been identified as Zhejiang famous trademark. In 2002, the implementation of the national key new product plan 3, Torch Plan, 11, Spark Program 5, 128 provincial-level new product trial; total of patented products 2647, 1996, China's scientific and technological work into the advanced counties (cities) in the ranks of .
   Yueqing counties and cities by the State Council as the first opening, they then sights on the international market, export-oriented economy to flourish. In 2004, the city's total foreign trade volume 440 million U.S. dollars, of which exports 413 million U.S. dollars, respectively, an increase of 30.5% and 36.2%. Utilization of foreign capital have been expanding throughout the year newly approved 19 foreign-invested enterprises with total investment 86.85 million U.S. dollars; 70.24 million U.S. dollars of contracted foreign capital actually utilized foreign investment 11.72 million U.S. dollars respectively, up by 125.3% and 5%.
   Yueqing land appropriate scale for the first, and the strong development momentum, at present, the city's 1 / 3 of the arable land lies in more than 3200 households in the hands of family-scale operation, which operated for more than mu 352 types of farms, land moderate economies of scale continue to move the farm garden, facilities, mechanization direction. Yueqing education, culture and the rapid development of private schools is highly distinctive, the existing private schools and 29 vocational schools, 548 kindergartens established Yueqing radio and television, founded the "Yueqing newspaper," emerged out of a number of influential artists, Le-cheng and Hong Qiao, two towns in Zhejiang has also been named "East Sea Cultural Pearl."
   Yueqing landscape shaped wins, with Yandang, Yueqing Bay, Qiligang three major resource advantages.
   Yandangshan called the "East China Sea No. 1 Mountain" to "Landscape Qixiu" known in our country among the top ten mountains, known as "sea mountain", "Huanzhong must win," reputation, the distribution of over 600 scenic spots, an area of 450 square kilometers in 1982, was listed as the first batch of key national scenic spots, one in 2004 was "National Geological Park" and "World Geological Park" title, the annual tourist flow rate of more than 100 million people.
   Yandangshan Qifeng rocks, waterfalls Nagareizumi, full of natural flavor, for ink indescribable. Lingfeng night, a varied and shaped charm, the unique domestic; Lingyan Kwu Tung stone chamber, cliff peaks, Qifeng show stone, right way; big ryongchu magnificent, unpredictable, water drops 197 meters, set out first in the country . Lingfeng, Yeongam, large ryongchu assembles the three major scenic essence of Wild Goose, known as "The Wild Goose Ruin." Northern Song Dynasty scientist Shen Kuo, Ming Xu Xia-ke traveler, poet, Yuan Mei Qing Dynasty, modern Kang, Sun Ke, Tsai Yuan-pei, modern Kuo Mo-jo, Deng Tuo and other cultural celebrities are all Yandangshan chant incessantly.
   Yandangshan is in Yueqing another state-level scenic spots, jade rice pot town of Feng-wei side, momentum is compelling, and if the climb spot, there were monarchs of the sky, supercilious feeling. From Yandangshan to medium Yandangshan, they are north-south trend, moving in unison constitute a rare tour of domestic galleries, everywhere Merry, unspeakable beauty.
   Yueqing Shan-sheng, water is also spiritual. Yueqing Bay is the rare "ocean farm", with more than 20 million mu of tideland, shallow waters of 18 mu. Rich in fish, octopus, pomfret, cuttlefish, fish and swimming crab shells painted, marine products, razor clams, shrimp, etc., is a fresh harvest of the Gulf for years. Yueqing Bay in Zhejiang Province ranks first in mariculture production, especially the razor clam and shrimp farming, the country occupies an important position, Yueqing Qingjiang pilot breeding base for the country has now formed ecological groups, its development prospects are very bright.
   Is known as the gateway to Huang Qi Li Yueqing sea ports, is one of China's 20 key ports. A coastline of 142 kilometers, can build thousand-ton berths for more than 36, the main channel 150 over the years Steady unchanged, is to Xiamen, Ningbo, while the moderate line only deep-water port area.
   Has now completed the first phase Qili Hong Kong, the port with an annual handling capacity of 4.01 million tons, its unique geographical location Qili Hong Kong will become the core of the building in Wenzhou port.
   In recent years, Yueqing's infrastructure is improving daily. At a distance of 25 km radius of downtown there are two Huang Qi Li and Wenzhou port, there is only 20 km away from the territory of Yueqing Wenzhou airport and 30 km of road and bridge airport, we are connected with the national railway network Jinhua to Wenzhou Railway terminal Station, from Beijing to Fuzhou, 104 State Road, Yueqing north and south across the entire territory, in the same building the Heilongjiang River to the coastal highway Yueqing Sanya, Hainan Province in paragraph has been completed. Rock power plant is located in the town of Wenzhou, a project has been put into operation, Shanghai - Zhejiang - Fujian Province - Guangzhou high-capacity fiber optic trunk in Yueqing City in the Lok into the town and the Wild Goose in the town of incision. Program-controlled telephone exchange capacity of the city accounts for 49.4 million lines, built a broadband residential and boutique information technology district 72. Urban water supply coverage was 100%. Are among the highest in Zhejiang Province.
   Yueqing is its excellent location, good infrastructure and strong comprehensive strength, medium-sized cities around the modern construction of the general objective of the implementation of industrial parks, agricultural industrialization, urban modernization, regional balance, environmental optimization strategies, and actively create the reform of an open mind the environment, prosperity and a healthy cultural environment, united and harmonious social environment, beautiful and clean living environment, and vigorously promote the coastline along the "sea Yueqing" and port construction along the line of State Road 104 Corridor and the industrial corridor of civilization-building, along the Wild Goose Mountain tourism development and construction of galleries and mountain old revolutionary base areas, and actively create the idea of reform and opening up the environment, prosperity, health, cultural characteristics, characteristics of the times, Yueqing a development path to Yueqing into a developed economy, cultural prosperity and social progress and people's well - a modern medium-sized cities.

 

 

   

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