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南湖区简介

 

  嘉兴南湖——中国共产党的诞生地

  据考证,南湖大约在二千多年前的汉代形成湖泊,起初是平原湖,面积比现在大二、三倍。南湖位于嘉兴市城东南部,古代名滮湖、马场湖,又名东湖、东南湖。近代雅称鸳鸯湖。湖南北长,东西狭,现水域面积约624亩,水深2至5米。湖北临沪杭铁路;东岸为南湖路,自北至南达南堰,沿路医院、工厂、商店、学校、民居林立,市肆繁盛;湖西南良田弥望,饶有田园野趣。南湖自古以来是市境各主要河流蓄泄的枢纽,海盐塘注入其中,平湖塘、嘉善塘与之相连;长水塘经西南湖亦贯注其中。

  五代以前,此地尚无园林建筑。后晋天福年间(936一945),吴越国王钱镠第四子广陵王钱元镣任中吴节度使时,在湖畔筑宾舍以为“登眺之所”,才逐渐成为游览之区。北宋以后,湖畔陆续兴建园林有:潘师旦园、高氏圃、南湖草堂、列岫亭、水心亭、乐郊亭、勺园、颜家园、瓣香阁、秋水阁等,宋代起,嘉兴南湖与杭州西湖、绍兴的东湖齐名,成为浙江的三大名湖。明代,江南商品经济繁荣,嘉兴被誉为“东南一都会”,南湖游览兴盛。嘉靖二十七年(1548),嘉兴知府赵瀛疏浚市河,将挖出的河泥填入湖中,成一“厚五丈,广二十丈”的小岛,四面环水,俗称湖心岛。次年在岛上建烟雨楼,形成独特的景观。明天启《嘉兴县志》记述:“滮湖亦称南湖,西侧灯含窣渚,北则虹饮濠梁。倚水千家,背城百雉,蒹霞杨柳,菱叶荷花,绿漫波光,碧开天影,雕舷笙瑟,靡间凉燠,此一方最胜处也。”清初陈维崧在《鸳湖烟雨楼感旧》(贺新郎)词中回忆明末南湖游览盛况说:“望满湖灯火……,十万盏红球挂”。明清时期,每值清明、农历六月廿四“荷诞”、“七夕”、中秋,湖上游人如织,烟雨楼前画船歌鼓日夜不绝。

  宋以后,历代著名文学家、诗人,宋代苏轼、吴潜、杨万里,元代方回,明代张岱,清代钱谦益、吴伟业、陈其年等都慕名来游,吟咏不绝。清顺治七年(1650),以吴伟业为首的江南士人在南湖举行了十郡大社,湖上名人云集,连舟百艘。民国元年(1912)10月,孙中山曾来南湖游览,并在湖中烟雨楼假山前与各界人士合影留念。

  现代许多著名文学家、诗人如茅盾、郁达夫、曹聚仁等都曾来南湖游览,写下了脍炙人口的诗篇和文章。民国10年(1921)8月初,中国共产党第一次全国代表大会在南湖的一艘游船上闭幕,宣告中国共产党成立。从此,南湖成为光荣的革命纪念地,载入了革命史册。1959年10月1日,南湖革命纪念馆成立,以湖中烟雨楼作为馆址,按照当年中共“一大”代表乘坐的游船样式仿制的革命纪念船,陈列在烟雨楼下万福桥旁,从那以后,每年有数十万游客前来瞻仰,接受革命传统教育。1985年,邓小平为南湖革命纪念馆题写馆名。建国以来至1990年,许多党和国家领导人如董必武、郭沫若、胡耀邦、杨尚昆等都曾来南湖视察、游览。

  民国21年(1932)韩国独立运动领导人金九避难嘉兴,曾藏身于湖上游船,井曾在南湖游船上召开韩国临时政府国务会议,商议抗日复国大计。南湖风光旖旎,四季宜人,春天,湖畔柔柳如烟;夏秋,湖中菱田绿如秧畦;冬日飞雪时,湖上银树琼宇。春夏间阴雨天气,景色迷人,其时烟霭似纱,雨丝如雾,南宋杨万里用诗句“烟雨漠漠雨疏疏”形容风光之美。明人费元禄也记述说:南湖“其妙在轻烟沸渚,山雨欲来时,夹岸亭台乍为明灭,而渔船泊舸微茫破雾,但闻橹声伊轧耳”,赞为人间胜景。南湖现有电动机渡船、划桨游艇、汽艇,供游客游湖。湖心岛上的水上餐厅则可供游客在用膳时领略湖上风光。南湖菱、南湖大蟹是著名特产。
 

    Jiaxing South Lake - the birthplace of the Chinese Communist Party

    According to research, South Lake about the Han Dynasty more than 2000 years ago, the formation of lakes, at first plain lake, covering an area than it is now sophomore, triple. South Lake is located in Jiaxing City, south-east, the ancient name of flowing of water Lake, Racecourse Lake, also known as East Lake, South East Lake. Modern elegantly called Yuanyang Lake. Hunan North long, narrow what is now the waters of an area of about 624 acres, water depth 2-5 meters. Hubei clinical Shanghai-Hangzhou railway; the east coast of South Lake Road, from north to Nanda Nan weir, along the way hospitals, factories, shops, schools, houses everywhere, Stanford prosperous city; Lake southwest of farmland Mi Wang, interesting rural rustic charm. South Lake is a city since ancient times throughout the storage and discharge of major rivers, the hub of sea salt into one pond, Ping Wu Tong, Jiashan pond connected; Long Lake is also absorbed in the reservoir through the south-west of them.

    Five generations ago, here and there is no landscape architecture. Later Jin Tien-fu-year period (936 a 945), Wu Yue Qian Liu fourth son of King Guangling Wang Qian Yuan shackles Ren Wu Jiedushi pm at the Lake homes built bin that "Deng Tiao of the Institute" has gradually become a tour of the area. After the Northern Song Dynasty, Lakeside gardens are being built are: Pan Shi Dan Park, Gao Pu, South Lake Cottage, column Xiu Pavilion, a pavilion in the water, Lok rural kiosks, spoon Park, Yan homes, flap Xiang-ge, Autumn Water Pavilion and so on, in the Song Dynasty onwards, Jiaxing South Lake with the West Lake in Hangzhou, Shaoxing Donghu par to become the three-ko in Zhejiang. The Ming Dynasty, Jiangnan commodity economic prosperity, Jiaxing, known as the "south-east a City", South Lake Tour flourish. Jiajing Twenty-seven years (1548), Jiaxing city prefect Zhao Ying dredging river, the river mud dredged fill the lake, into a "thick Wuzhang, two hundred feet wide," the island, surrounded by water, commonly known as the lake Island. The following year the island to build Yanyu Lou, forming a unique landscape. Seized the "Jiaxing County" description: "flowing of water known as Lake South Lake, west of lights with dart out Nagisa, the North is to drink Ho Liang Hong. Reliance water 1000, back the city 100 pheasant, reeds and willow Xia, Ling Ye lotus, green diffuse waves, Tin Ying Bi Kai, carved side Sheng Se, extravagant rooms cool sultry, this Department has been one of the most wins. "Qing Chen Weisong in the" sense of the old Mandarin Duck Lake Yanyu Lou "(Ho groom) the word recalls the late Ming and South Lake grand tour, said:" looking over lake lights ... ..., 100,000 red ball hung. " Ming and Qing Dynasties, each value of Ching Ming, the Chinese in June Niansi "Holland Festival", "Tanabata", Mid-Autumn Festival, lake of tourists, Yan Yulou night before the painting Barcarolle drum without a break.

    Song after the ancient well-known writer, poet, Sung Su Shi, Wu Qian, Yang Wanli, Yuan Fang Hui, Ming Zhang Dai, Qing Qian, Wu Weiye, Chen years, and so attracted to swim, recite without a break. Qing Junji seven years (1650), to Wu Weiye's Jiangnan literati, led by 10, held in South Lake County Shrine, celebrities gathered in the lake, and even boat 100.

    Many well-known contemporary writers and poets such as Mao Dun, Yu Da-fu, Cao Juren, etc. have come to South Lake tour, wrote the popular poems and articles. In 10 years (1921) early in August, the Chinese Communist Party of the First National Congress in South Lake for a cruise on the closing, announced the establishment of the Chinese Communist Party. Since then, a glorious revolution in South Lake Memorial, the loading history of the revolution.After hundreds of thousands of tourists each year come to pay their last respects to receive revolutionary traditions. In 1985, Deng Xiaoping wrote the Memorial Hall for the South Lake revolutionary name. Since the founding to 1990, many party and state leaders, such as Dong Biwu, Kuo Mo-jo, Hu Yaobang, Yang Shangkun, etc. have come to South Lake inspection tour.

    In 21 years (1932) South Korean independence movement leader Kim nine asylum Jiaxing had hiding in the lake cruise boat wells in South Lake South Korean Interim Government to convene a cabinet meeting to deliberate the anti-Japanese national recovery plan. South Lake has beautiful scenery and pleasant seasons, spring, Lake Sophie Liu Ruyan; summer and fall, the lake, Hishida, such as seedling stretch of green; snow in winter, the lake, Silver Tree Jean Yu. Spring and summer rainy weather, the scenery enchanting, like the time Yanai yarn, strands of rain drift like fog, the Southern Song Yang Wanli with the poem "Rain in misty rain Shu Shu" to describe the scenery beauty.for the human attraction. Nanhu existing motor boat, rowing boats, boats for lake visitors. Lake water is a restaurant on the island for the tourists enjoy the meal on the lake scenery. South Lake Ling, South Lake is famous for big crab specialty.

 

 

   

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