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山西概况介绍

          山西因居太行山之西而得名。春秋时期,大部分地区为晋国所有,所以简称“晋”;战国初期,韩、赵、魏三家分晋,因而又称“三晋”。全省总面积15.6万平方公里,总人口3374.6万人,辖11个地级市,119个县、市、区。  

          山西地形多为山地丘陵,山区面积约占全省总面积的80%以上。东有太行山,西有吕梁山,西、南以黄河与内蒙、陕西、河南等省区为界,唐代柳宗元称之为“表里山河”。  

          山西煤矿资源种类多,分布广,储量丰富,截至2006年,已探明储量的有62种。煤、铝土、耐火粘土、铁矾土、镓的储量居全国各省(区)同种煤矿储量的首位,金矿石(含钛矿)、镁盐、芒硝的储量居第二位,钾长石、钛铁、石灰石、长石、石膏、钴、铜等矿藏的储量也居全国各省(区)的前列。
          煤炭是山西省最重要的矿产,资源丰富,地质储量达8700亿吨,2006年保有资源储量为2070.7亿吨,咱全国探明储量的30%,是我国煤炭储量最大的省份之一,故有“煤乡”之称。  

          山西是中华民族发祥地之一,被誉为“华夏文明摇篮”。“女娲补天”的传说就发生在山西。华夏民族的始祖黄帝和炎帝都曾在山西活动。我国上古时代的三个帝王尧、舜、禹均在山西南部建都,为“尧都平阳(今临汾市)”、“舜都蒲坂(今永济市)”、“禹都安邑(今夏县)”。春秋时期,晋文公重耳是春秋五霸之一。北魏时,大同(当时称平城)曾作为北魏的都城名重一时。隋朝末年,李渊父子起兵晋阳(今太原市),继而夺取长安,建立唐朝,后把太原定为大唐帝国的北都。元末明初,中原连年战乱,灾荒频繁,而山西尤其是晋南一带,经济繁荣,人口稠密,成为明初向外移民的主要地区。在长达半个世纪的时间内,山西曾向外移民十几次。洪洞县大槐树是当时一个主要移民站。全国不少地方流传的“问我祖先在何处,山西洪洞大槐树”,即由此而来。明清时期,晋商和山西票号崛起,著称中外。  

          山西具有丰富的民族文化遗产,旅游资源十分丰富。现存宋、辽、金以前的地面古建筑占全国的70%以上。著名的旅游景点有:大同旅游区的云冈石窟、悬空寺、应县木塔以及中国五岳之一的北岳恒山;忻州旅游区的五台山、芦芽山、代县杨家将故地;太原旅游区的晋祠、晋中的平遥古城、昔日晋商的豪宅大院;临汾旅游区的尧庙、洪洞县的大槐树、广胜寺、吉县黄河壶口瀑布;运城旅游区的解州关帝庙、芮城永乐宫、夏县司马光墓、永济黄河铁牛和莺莺塔,等等。其中平遥古城和云冈石窟已列入世界文化遗产。  

          在中国的各个历史时期,山西曾涌现出许多政治家、军事家、文学家、历史学家。最著名的有春秋时期的霸主之一晋文公重耳,有中国唯一的女皇帝、唐代杰出的政治家武则天,有中国的“武圣”、三国时期名将关羽,有中国第一部编年体通史《资治通鉴》的作者、宋代著名史学家司马光,有中国古代四大名著之一《三国演义》的作者罗贯中,有唐代著名诗人王勃、王之涣、王维、白居易,唐代著名散文家柳宗元,有元代著名戏曲家关汉卿、白朴等。    

          山西是著名的革命老区。早在1921年,中国早期的马克思主义者高君宇,就在太原组建社会主义青年团,开展革命活动。红军长征到达陕北后,毛泽东亲自率领红军主力渡河东征,在晋西、晋中、晋南各地遍撒革命火种。全国抗战爆发后,八路军三大主力挺进山西,创立了敌后抗日根据地。八年抗战中,山西是华北抗战乃至全国抗战的重要战略支点;山西地方党组织培养了15万名共产党员,根据地向八路军输送了60万热血青年。解放战争期间,山西成为支援全国解放的战略基地,广大民众积极支援前线,大批地方干部南下或东进、西进,奔赴新区,为中国革命做出了重大贡献。

           新中国成立以后,特别是改革开放20多年来,山西人民在党的领导下,团结一致,艰苦奋斗,开拓创新,推进了经济社会的全面发展。作为能源基地,山西为全国的经济发展作出了重要贡献。

          Shanxi Taihang Mountains because by and named after the West. Spring and Autumn Period, most of all for Jin, therefore referred to as "Jin"; the early Warring States period, Han, Zhao, Wei Jin three points, which also known as "Shanxi." The province's total area of 156,000 square km, with a total population of 33,746,000 people, Xiaman 11 prefecture-level cities, 119 counties, cities and districts. 

          Shanxi mountainous terrain mostly hilly, mountainous area of the province's total area of about 80%. The east of Taihang,lv liang shan west, west and south and the Yellow River in Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi and Henan provinces, autonomous regions for the sector, the Tang Liu Zongyuan called "table mountains and rivers." 

          Many kinds of coal resources in Shanxi Province, widely distributed, abundant reserves, as of 2006, has proven reserves of 62 kinds. Coal, bauxite, refractory clay, iron bauxite, gallium reserves the provinces (regions) with the types of coal reserves in the first, gold ores (including anatase), magnesium salt, Glauber's salt reserves in the second place, K-feldspar stone, titanium-iron, limestone, feldspar, gypsum, cobalt, copper and other mineral reserves also ranks the provinces (autonomous regions) in the forefront.
Shanxi Province, coal is the most important minerals, is rich in resources, geological reserves of 870 billion tons, in 2006 the resources to maintain reserves of 207.07 billion tons, Our National 30% of proved reserves is the largest coal reserves in China one of the provinces, it is "Coal Township," said the.

          Shanxi Province is the birthplace of one of the Chinese nation, as the "cradle of Chinese civilization." "Sky-Hole Patching Nuwa" legend occurred in Shanxi. Ancestor of the Chinese nation have the Yellow Emperor and Yan Emperor activities in Shanxi. Three of China's ancient imperial era Yao, Shun and Yu are in the southern capital of Shanxi, as "all-yao Pingyang (this Linfen City)", "Po-shun all Osaka (now Yongji City)", "Yu are eup ( County this summer). " Spring and Autumn Period,jin wen gong zhong er is one of the Spring and Autumnwu ba . When the Northern Wei Dynasty, Datong (then known as Pyongsong) as the capital of the Northern Wei were re-time. Sui dynasty, Li Yuan Jinyang son raised an army (this city) and then win Changan, the establishment of the Tang Dynasty, after the imperial Tang Dynasty, Taiyuan, as are the North.yuan mo ming chu , Zhongyuan years of war, famine frequently, and Shanxi Shanxi area in particular, economic prosperity, population density, has become the early Ming Dynasty's main areas of emigration. In time for half a century, Shanxi had outward migration of more than ten times. Huaishu Hongtong County was one of the main immigration station. Spread in many areas of the country, "asked me where our ancestors, Shanxi Hongdong large tree", that is, the resulting. Ming and Qing Dynasties, Shanxi merchants and Shanxi rise, said the Chinese and foreign. 

Shanxi is rich in ethnic cultural heritage, is rich in tourism resources. Existing Song, Liao, Jin ground before the old buildings across the country accounted for more than 70%. Well-known tourist attractions are: Datong Yungang Grottoes in tourist areas,xuan kong si , should the county as well as the Wooden Pagoda, one of China's Five Sacred Mountains hengshan Bukak; Xinzhou District tourism Mountain, Mountain, on behalf of the countyyang jia jiang old haunt; Taiyuan Tourist District The Jinci, Jinzhong the ancient city of Pingyao, Shanxi Merchants old mansion compound; Linfenyao miao tourist areas, Hongdong County, a large tree,guang sheng si , Jixian Hukou Waterfall of the Yellow River; Yuncheng state solution in tourist areas Temple, Ruicheng Yongle Palace, the tomb of Sima Guang Xiaxian, and Yingying Yongji Yellow Tieniu tower, and so on. One of the ancient city of Pingyao and Yungang Grottoes have been inscribed on the World Heritage. 

          In various historical periods of China, Shanxi has emerged in many of statesman, military strategist and writer, historian. The most famous are the Spring and Autumn Period, one of the dominantjin wen gong zhong er , and the only female emperor in China, the Tang Dynasty Empress Wu outstanding statesman, and China's "San-wu," Guan Yu's Three Kingdoms period, the first Chinese body for the Department of General History in "Mirror" the author of the famous Song Dynasty historian Sima Guang, a masterpiece of ancient China, one of the four "Romance of the Three Kingdoms", author Luo Guanzhong, a famous Tang Dynasty poet Wang Bo,wang zhi huan , Wang Wei, Bai , the famous Tang Dynasty essayist Liu Zong-yuan, a well-known opera house Yuan Guan, White Park, and so on. 

          Shanxi is a famous old revolutionary base areas. As early as 1921, China's early Marxist Gao Junyu, in Taiyuan, the formation of the Socialist Youth League, to carry out revolutionary activities. After the Red Army arrived in northern Shaanxi, Mao Zedong personally led the main force to cross the river east of the Red Army in western Shanxi, Jinzhong, Jinnan revolution around the fire spread all over. National Anti-Japanese War broke out, the Eighth Route Army in Shanxi Province into three major, founded the anti-Japanese base areas behind enemy lines. Eight-year war, the Shanxi Province in North China Anti-Japanese War of Resistance Against Japan as well as an important national strategic fulcrum; Shanxi, local party organizations have trained 150,000 party members, the Eighth Route Army base to transport the 600,000 young blood. During the War of Liberation, National Liberation in Shanxi as a strategic support base, the general public to actively support the front line, a large number of local cadres south or east, west, went to New China made a significant contribution to the revolution.

          After the founding of new China, especially the reform and opening up more than 20 years, the people in Shanxi Province under the leadership of the party to unite and work hard, blaze new trails, to promote the economic and social development. As an energy base, Shanxi to the country's economic development has made important contributions.

 

 

   

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