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北戴河区

 
北戴河区概况 行政区划 历史沿革 北戴河区地图 地理位置
自然风貌 资源状况 经济发展 特色文化 土特工艺
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西山街道 戴河镇 海滨镇        

    清光绪二十四年(1898年)被清政府辟为避暑区,在这里诞生了中国第一条旅游铁路专线、第一条航空旅游航线,第一个19孔高尔夫球场等诸多中国旅游史上的第一,被誉为中国现代旅游业的"摇篮"。1948年11月解放,1954年2月始称北戴河区。1985年,在北戴河金山嘴发掘出秦行宫遗址,为北戴河源远流长的历史提供了确凿的证据。

北戴河境内的戴河和新河两条河流分别在西部和东部入海。戴河古称渝水,辽、明、清时称渝河,清光绪年间改为戴家河,后简称戴河。戴河上有三源,东源为沙河,发源于抚宁县蚂蚁沟村;西源主流为西戴河,发源于抚宁县北车厂;西源支流名为渝河,发源于抚宁县聂口北。戴河在河东寨村西南注入渤海,全长35公里,流域总面积290平方公里,流经北戴河区13公里,北戴河境内流域面积32平方公里。新河发源于抚宁县栖云寺山东麓,流经甘各庄、蔡各庄,从赤土山北入海。全长15公里,14公里流经北戴河区,总流域面积为77.5平方公里。
北戴河地处中纬暖温带,属半湿润、季风型大陆性气候,受我国东部沿海季风环流的影响,海洋性特征明显,多风、湿度大、雨量适中,四季分明,春温、夏凉、秋暖、冬寒。年平均日照时间在2700―2850小时之间;年平均气温8.8―11.3℃之间;盛夏日平均气温22―25℃之间;年平均降水量650―750毫米。由于濒临渤海,空气温度较大,年平均湿度65%左右;全年以偏西风为最多,春季风速最大,有风无尘,秋季次之,盛夏平均风速较小。北戴河的空气清新,富含负氧离子,全年日照充足,气压稳定,气候十分宜人。
北戴河海岸线全长18.4公里,东起黑河口,西至戴河口,沿岸分布着平均15米宽的绵软沙滩,北戴河海域宽阔,水质洁净,风浪较小,年平均水温12℃。
  北戴河地质构造复杂,具有剥蚀平原、海积平原、低山区等多样性的地貌类型,构成了独特而秀美的城市个性景观。境内动植物资源丰富,特别是鸟类资源,共有412种,占我国鸟类资源的1/3,其中有国家重点保护鸟种68个。春秋两季在此可观得鸟类400多种,有"观鸟的麦加"之誉。

北戴河区是全国最大的休疗基地和健身康复中心。1982年,国务院公布为首批"国家级重点风景名胜区"。1991年被评为"中国旅游胜地四十佳"之一。1999年评为"中国优秀旅游城市"和"全国园林式城市"。2002年被命名为"河北省环境保护模范城区"。

北戴河位于河北省东北部,总面积70.14平方千米,它犹如一颗璀璨明珠镶嵌在渤海湾北岸中部。地理坐标处北纬39°47′48″―39°53′17″,东经119°24′08″―119°31′58″。西距首都北京279公里,东距秦皇岛港18公里、山海关机场25公里。东北与秦皇岛市海港区毗邻,西部、西北部与抚宁县接壤,东、南面临渤海湾。东西长11.2公里,南北宽10.15公里,总面积70.4平方公里,2006年统计总人口68987人,辖1个省级经济技术开发区,2个镇25个行政村,2个街道办事处11个社区居委会。2005年,全区实现地区生产总值13.6亿元,人均20122元,分别高出全省、全国35.8和43.9个百分点;GDP中一、二、三产业所占比重分别为6.9%、23.5%和69.6%。全部财政收入2.15亿元。城镇居民人均可支配收入、农民人均纯收入分别达到9366元和5573元。
 

 

Twenty-four years the Qing dynasty (1898) has been turned into summer the Qing government area, where the birth of China's first tourist railway line, the first air travel routes, the first a 19-hole golf course and many other Chinese Tourism in the history of the first, China's modern tourism industry known as the "cradle." November 1948 liberation, beginning in February 1954, said Beidaihe District. In 1985, at the Beidaihe Jinshanzui discover the Qin palace ruins, in order to Beidaihe long history of providing conclusive evidence.

Beidaihe in Dai River and New River two rivers in the west and east into the sea. Dai River in ancient times known Chongqing water, Liao, Ming and Qing, said Yu River, the Qing dynasty, between the river changed to Dai, the latter referred to as wearing river. Dai River there are three sources, the source for the East Shahe, originated ants Village of Funing County; Sai Yuen wearing the mainstream West River, originating from the north depot Funing County; Sai Yuen tributary of the named Yu River, originating from the north Funing County Nie mouth. Dai River into the Bohai Sea in the east of the river southwest Zhai a total length of 35 kilometers, the total area of 290 square kilometers River, flowing through the Beidaihe district 13 kilometers, within the drainage area of 32 square kilometers Beidaihe. New River originates from eastern foot of Temple Seiun Funing County, Hengshui, flows through Gansu, Cai gezhuang, from the terra cotta mountains north into the sea. Length of 15 km, 14 km flows through Beidaihe District, with a total drainage area of 77.5 square kilometers.
Beidaihe is located in mid-latitude temperate zone, is semi-humid continental monsoon climate, affected by the monsoon circulation in China's eastern coast, the marine characteristics significantly, windy, humidity, rainfall, four distinct seasons, spring temperature, summer and cool, warm autumn, cold winter. Annual average sunshine time between 2700-2850 hours; annual average temperature of between 8.8-11.3 ℃; mid-summer daily average temperature between 22-25 ℃; annual average precipitation is 650-750 mm. Because the verge of Bohai Sea, the air temperature higher, the annual average humidity of about 65%; the whole year to a maximum of westerly winds, maximum wind speed in spring, the wind dust in autumn followed by the height of summer mean wind speed less. Beidaihe clean air, rich in negative oxygen ions, abundant sunshine throughout the year, pressure stability, and climate is very pleasant.
Beidaihe coastline length of 18.4 kilometers east from Black River, west to wear estuaries, coastal distribution with an average of 15-meter-wide foam beach, Beidaihe area wide water quality clean, the smaller storms, the annual average temperature of 12 ℃.
Beidaihe, a complex geological structure, with denudation plains, sea plot plains and low mountains such as the diversity of landscape types, constitutes a unique and beautiful landscape of the city's personality. Domestic animals and plants rich in natural resources, especially bird resources, a total of 412 kinds, accounting for the resources of China's birds, 1 / 3, which state protection, 68 bird species. In this impressive in spring and autumn were more than 400 kinds of birds, there is "Bird Watching Mecca" reputation.

Beidaihe District is the nation's largest off-base and fitness therapy rehabilitation centers. In 1982, the State Council announced the first "national key scenic spot." In 1991 was named "China's tourist attractions 40 good" one. In 1999 as "China's outstanding tourist city" and the "national garden-style city." In 2002 was named "Environmental Protection Model City, Hebei Province."

Beidaihe, Hebei Province is located in the northeast, with a total area of 70.14 square kilometers, which is like a shining pearl inlaid in the Bohai Bay, north shore of Central. Geographic coordinates latitude 39 ° 47'48 "-39 ° 53'17", longitude 119 ° 24'08 "-119 ° 31'58". 279 kilometers west of the capital, Beijing, 18 kilometers east of Qinhuangdao Port, Shanhaiguan airport 25 km. Northeast and Qinhuangdao harbor area adjacent to the west, north-west and Funing County border, east, south and faces the Bohai Bay. 11.2 kilometers from east to west, 10.15 kilometers from north to south, with a total area of 70.4 square kilometers in 2006, statistics of the total population 68987 persons, jurisdiction a provincial-level economic and technological development zones, two administrative villages in 25 towns, 2 street offices in 11 communities neighborhood. In 2005, the region's GDP achieved 1.36 billion, per capita 20,122 yuan, respectively, higher than the province, national 35.8 and 43.9 percentage points; GDP in the first, second, the proportion of tertiary industries were 6.9%, 23.5% and 69.6%. All financial revenue 215 million. Per capita disposable income of urban residents, per capita net income of farmers reached 9366 yuan and 5573 yuan.
 

   

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