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对外经济

2006年在国家继续实施宏观调控政策的背景下,全省对外经济实现了“十一五”的良好开局。对外贸易结构调整迈出了较大步伐,利用外资继续增长,国际旅游发展加速,对外经济技术合作活跃。
一、利用外资呈现四大亮点
2006年,全省实际利用外资23.8亿美元,比上年增长4.6%。其中,外商直接投资20.1亿美元,增长5.3%;对外借款1.1亿美元,下降38.7%;外商其他投资2.6亿美元,增长37.6%。
——食品等四大主导行业支撑外商投资增长。全年工业外商投资18.1亿美元,增长14.5%,占全省外商直接投资的90.0%,比上年提高7.2个百分点,食品、钢铁、石化和装备制造等四大主导行业成为工业外商投资的增长点。其中,食品业到位外资2.7亿美元,增长1.1倍;钢铁到位外资5.3亿美元,增长45.0%;石化到位外资1.4亿美元,增长31.3%;装备制造到位外资3.6亿美元,增长21.8%。四行业合计到位外资13.0亿美元,占全省外商直接投资的64.6%。
——香港成为外商投资贡献最大的地区。作为我省外资的主要来源地,全年来自香港地区的外资为8.6亿美元,增长38.9%,占全省外商直接投资的比重达42.9%,比上年提高10.4个百分点,成为最近三年首次超过40%的年份,投资回升势头显著。
——并购成为外商投资的主要方式之一。截止2006年底,全省已批准并购企业达79家,其中当年新批并购企业16家,合同外资额2.7亿美元,占当年新批合同外资的17.8%。2006年,并购企业到位外资4.0亿美元,占全省外商直接投资的19.8%,其中国有资产并购2.4亿美元,占并购到位外资额的60.1%。
——外商其他投资快速增长。全年外商其他投资2.6亿美元,增长37.6%,占全省实际利用外资的10.9%,比上年提高2.6个百分点。
二、对外贸易构筑三大支撑
2006年,全省进出口总值完成185.3亿美元,增长15.3%。其中,出口总值128.3亿美元,增长17.5%,增速比上年加快0.5个百分点;进口总值56.9亿美元,增长10.6%,回落12.3个百分点,已连续三年回落幅度都在10个百分点以上。
——出口商品结构优化加快。工业制品增长加快,比重提高。全年完成出口总值109.1亿美元,增长21.4%,增速比上年提高1.3个百分点,占全省出口总值的比重达85.0%,比上年提高2.7个百分点。其中,机电产品出口33.8亿美元,增长51.5%;钢材、钢坯及粗锻件出口21.2亿美元,增长1.2倍;高技术产品出口4.9亿美元,增长1.1倍。三类商品出口合计占全省的46.6%。初级产品出口由增转降,全年完成出口总值19.3亿美元,由上年增长4.4%转为下降0.7%。
——出口主体和市场多元化战略成效显著。外企和私企出口较快增长,规模继续扩大。出口额分别为45.0亿美元和37.6亿美元,比上年分别增长30.5%和19.7%,快于全省平均水平13和2.2个百分点;所占比重分别为35.1%和29.3%,分别提高3.5和0.5个百分点。出口市场多元化取得积极进展。全省亿美元以上的出口市场达到27个,涵盖了传统的美、韩、日、俄以及欧盟、东盟等国家和地区市场。与上年相比,增加了乌克兰、新加坡、以色列和伊朗4个国家。出口在1千万美元至1亿美元间的市场,同比也增加了5个,达到56个国家和地区。对非洲出口达到5.9亿美元,增长42.3%。
——加工贸易和对外承包工程的快速发展不断促进出口方式多样化。加工贸易和对外承包工程分别出口17.5和2.1亿美元,分别增长20.3%和95.8%,快于一般贸易16.3%的增长水平。所占比重也有所提高,占全省出口总额的比重分别为13.8%和1.6%,同比分别提高0.6和0.7个百分点。一般贸易出口比重达84.7%,比上年降低0.9个百分点。
三、国际旅游发展加速
2006年,全省共接待入境游客72.5万人次,创汇2.4亿美元,分别增长15.7%和16.2%,比上年分别提高2.8和5.8个百分点。
——传统市场稳步发展,张家口、沧州和衡水等地市场增长强劲。承德和秦皇岛一直是入境游客来我省的首选目的地,排在前两位,分别接待入境游客21.6和19.9万人次,分别增长15.9%和11.3%,两市合计占全省入境游客的57.2%;创汇额分别为0.5和1.0亿美元,增长21.1%和11.8%。张家口、沧州和衡水增长强劲,分别接待入境游客2.2、0.5和0.4万人次,分别增长48.1%、46.0%和30.9%;创汇额分别为388.1、175.0和92.5万美元,分别增长68.0%、66.2%和32.3%。增速都远超全省平均水平。
——以亚洲和欧洲游客为主,非洲和美洲增长较快。来自亚洲和欧洲的游客分别为31.6和21.6万人次,占全省的入境游客的76.2%,增速分别为5.6%和17.6%。来自非洲和美洲的游客分别为0.9和6.4万人次,增速分别达1.1倍和36.7%。
四、对外经济技术合作蓬勃发展
2006年,全省共签订对外经济技术合同168份,比上年增加16份;合同总金额达17.6亿美元,增长59.1%;完成营业额8.3亿美元,增长44.4%。对外经济技术合作继上年成倍增长后,继续保持了快速增长的势头。

 

In 2006 the continued implementation of the national macro-control policies against the backdrop of the province's foreign economic realization of the "Eleventh Five-Year" a good start. Of Foreign Trade and structural adjustment made the biggest strides in the use of foreign capital continue to grow, to accelerate the development of international tourism, foreign economic and technical cooperation activity.
First, the use of foreign capital presents highlights of the four
In 2006, the province actually used 2.38 billion U.S. dollars of foreign capital, up 4.6%. Among them, foreign direct investment 2.01 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 5.3%; foreign borrowing 110 million U.S. dollars, down 38.7%; foreign other investment 260 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 37.6%.
- Food and other support for the four leading industries of foreign investment growth. The year of industrial foreign-invested 1.81 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 14.5%, accounting for foreign direct investment in the province's 90.0%, 7.2 percentage points over the previous year, food, steel, petrochemical and manufacturing equipment, the four leading industries for industrial growth in foreign investment point. Among them, the food industry are in place 270 million U.S. dollars of foreign capital, an increase of 1.1 times; iron and steel in place 530 million U.S. dollars of foreign capital, an increase of 45.0%; petrochemical in place 140 million U.S. dollars of foreign capital, an increase of 31.3%; equipment manufacturing in place 360 million U.S. dollars of foreign capital, an increase of 21.8%. Four industries taken together, are in place 1.3 billion U.S. dollars of foreign capital, accounting for foreign direct investment in the province's 64.6%.
- Hong Kong to become the greatest contribution of foreign investment in the area. As a major source of foreign investment in our province, the whole area of foreign investment from Hong Kong, 8.6 billion, up 38.9%, accounting for the province's share of foreign direct investment reached 42.9%, 10.4 percentage points over the previous year, becoming the first the last three years times more than 40% of the year, a significant upward trend in investment.
- Mergers and acquisitions to become one of the main ways for foreign investment. As of the end of 2006, the province has approved the acquisition of over 79 enterprises, including enterprises were newly approved 16 mergers and acquisitions, contractual foreign capital amount of 270 million U.S. dollars, accounting for newly approved contractual foreign investment of 17.8%. In 2006, the acquisition of businesses in place 400 million U.S. dollars of foreign capital, accounting for foreign direct investment in the province's 19.8%, of which 240 million U.S. dollars acquisition of state-owned assets, accounting for mergers and acquisitions in place 60.1% of the amount of foreign capital.
- Other foreign investment increased rapidly. The year 260 million U.S. dollars of foreign other investment, an increase of 37.6%, accounting for the province actually utilizing foreign capital of 10.9% over the previous year increased 2.6 percentage points.
Second, foreign trade to build the three support
In 2006, the province's total import and export of the completion of 18.53 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 15.3%. Among them, the export value of 12.83 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 17.5%, the growth rate accelerated by 0.5 percentage points over the previous year; imports worth 5.69 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 10.6%, down 12.3 percentage points, has dropped for three consecutive years the reduction was 10 percentage points in the above.
- Export structure optimization to speed up. The accelerated growth of industrial products, the proportion increased. Last year's total exports of 10.91 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 21.4%, growth rate 1.3 percentage points higher than the previous year, accounting for the proportion of the province's total export value up 85.0%, 2.7 percentage points over the previous year. Among them, mechanical and electrical products exported 3.38 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 51.5%; steel, steel billets and crude forgings exported 2.12 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 1.2 times; high-tech products export of 490 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 1.1 times. Three categories of merchandise exports together accounted for 46.6% of the province. Exports of primary products by increasing turn down, completed an annual export value of 1.93 billion U.S. dollars, from 4.4% last year to drop 0.7%.
- The main export and market diversification strategy with remarkable results. Rapid growth of exports of foreign and private enterprises, the scale continues to expand. Exports were 4.5 billion U.S. dollars and 37.6 billion U.S. dollars, rose by 30.5% over the previous year and 19.7%, faster than the provincial average level of 13 and 2.2 percentage points; share were 35.1% and 29.3%, respectively 3.5 and 0.5 percentage points. Diversification of export markets to achieve positive progress. The province of more than 100 million U.S. dollars export market reached 27, covering the traditional United States, South Korea, Japan, Russia and the European Union, ASEAN and other countries and regional markets. Compared with the previous year, an increase of Ukraine, Singapore, Israel and Iran, four countries. Exports in a 10 million to 100 million U.S. dollars between the market, also increased 5-year, reaching 56 countries and regions. For African exports reached 590 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 42.3%.
- Processing trade and the rapid development of foreign contracted projects and continuously promote the diversification of export. Processing trade and export of foreign contracted projects are 17.5 and 2.1 billion U.S. dollars, up 20.3% and 95.8%, faster than the general trade growth rate of 16.3%. The proportion also increased, accounting for the proportion of the province's total exports were 13.8% and 1.6%, year on year increased by 0.6 and 0.7 percentage points. The proportion of general trade exports reached 84.7%, 0.9 percentage points lower than the previous year.
Third, to accelerate the development of international tourism
In 2006, the province received 725,000 visits of tourists, earning 240 million U.S. dollars, respectively, 15.7% and 16.2% over the previous year increased by 2.8 and 5.8 percentage points.
- Steady development of traditional markets, Zhangjiakou, Cangzhou and Hengshui strong growth in other markets. Chengde and Qinhuangdao inbound tourists to our province has been the preferred destination, the top two, respectively, 21.6 and 19.9 receive inbound tourists million, respectively, up by 15.9% and 11.3%, the two cities together accounted for 57.2% of the province's inbound tourists ; foreign exchange volume were 0.5 and 1.0 billion, up 21.1% and 11.8%. Zhangjiakou, Cangzhou and Hengshui strong growth in inbound tourists received, respectively 2.2,0.5 and 0.4 million respectively, up by 48.1%, 46.0% and 30.9%; the amount of foreign exchange were 388.1,175.0 and 92.5 million U.S. dollars, rose 68.0%, 66.2% and 32.3%. The growth rate far exceeds that of the province's average.
- Asian and European visitors, mainly in Africa and the Americas grew rapidly. Tourists from Asia and Europe, respectively, 31.6 and 21.6 million passengers, accounting for the province of inbound tourists to 76.2% growth rate were 5.6% and 17.6%. Visitors from Africa and the Americas were 0.9 and 6.4 million, growth rate of respectively 1.1 times and 36.7%.
4, vigorous development of foreign economic and technological cooperation
In 2006, the province signed a total of 168 foreign economic and technological contracts, an increase of 16 over the previous year; contracts totaling 1.76 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 59.1%; complete turnover of 830 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 44.4%. Foreign economic and technical cooperation, following last year doubled, to continue to maintain a rapid growth momentum.

 

   

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