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工业经济

 2006年,全省工业战线坚持以科学发展观为统领,认真贯彻落实宏观调控政策, 创新发展思路,加快结构调整,工业经济保持了良好的运行态势,生产平稳较快增长,产销基本衔接,效益稳步提高。但也存在一些值得关注的问题。
一、 主要特点
(一)工业生产平稳较快增长
全省规模以上工业完成增加值3880.2亿元,比上年增长19.8%,高于全国平均水平3.2个百分点。产销率为98.2%,比上年提高0.4个百分点。
1、主导产业支撑作用增强。钢铁、装备制造、石化、建材、纺织、食品、医药等七大主导产业共完成增加值3070亿元,比上年增长21.6%,占全省规模以上工业的80.5%,同比提高2.1个百分点,对工业生产增长的贡献率达87.1%。其中,钢铁、装备制造、石化3个行业贡献率分别为43.0%、14.9%和10%。多数工业行业保持快速增长。在统计的38个行业大类中,35个行业保持增长,增幅超过全省平均水平的有19个行业。
2、各经济类型企业均保持较快增长。国有及国有控股企业完成增加值1292.2亿元,增长13.1%;集体企业完成增加值132.2亿元,增长18.7%;股份合作企业完成增加值18.0亿元,增长16.9%;股份制企业完成增加值2334.0亿元,增长23.1%;外商及港澳台商投资企业完成增加值681.2亿元,增长25.8%;其他经济类型企业完成增加值333.5亿元,增长30.1%。股份制、外商及港澳台商投资、其他经济类型企业增速均高于全省平均水平。
3、主要产品产量保持快速增长。原材料、能源等基础工业品增长较快。如钢材增长32.2%,生铁增长19.7%,平板玻璃增长16.6%,水泥增长10.6%。产品结构进一步优化。一些高附加值产品增长较快,汽车增长39.3%,自动化仪表及系统增长23.7%,光通信设备增长1.3倍,复印机械增长45.3%,组合音响增长50%,金属切削机床增长91.1%。
(二)经济效益稳步提高
1、工业经济效益整体情况趋好,综合指数继续攀升。规模以上工业经济效益综合指数为205.8,高于全国平均水平14.6个百分点,比上年提高19.5个百分点。七项效益指标表现良好,总资产贡献率为15.6%,比上年提高1.0个百分点;资本保值增值率为120.6%,提高2.3个百分点;产销率98.2%,提高0.4个百分点;流动资产周转率为2.8次,提高0.1次;全员劳动生产率为13.2万元/人,增加2.4万元/人;成本费用利润率为7.4%,提高0.4个百分点;资产负债率为61.4%,下降0.4个百分点。
2、实现利润保持较快增长。全省规模以上工业实现利润884.7亿元,比上年增长30.4%。在统计的38个工业大类行业中,31个行业利润增长,其中有色金属矿采选业、专用设备制造业、电气机械及器材制造业、农副食品加工业、黑色金属矿采选业、黑色金属冶炼及压延加工业等10个行业利润增长强劲,增幅超过40%。
工业经济中存在的主要问题是结构不尽合理,新产品开发能力不强,部分工业企业增亏幅度较大,对工业的拉动力偏弱,制约了工业经济竞争力的提升。
二、今年走势展望及建议
展望2007年,有利因素与不利因素并存,有利因素要多于不利因素,工业生产仍将继续保持较快的发展势头。
有利因素:一是世界经济仍将保持较快增长,为我国及我省经济平稳较快增长创造较好的国际环境。二是2006年我国宏观调控取得积极成效,不健康的因素得到进一步遏制,有得于全国经济继续平稳快速发展。同时,党的十七大的召开,将会带来更加稳定的社会环境。三是支撑我省工业发展的大格局不会改变。钢铁、装备制造、石化等主导产业仍将保持对工业生产的有力支撑。特别是随着钢铁工业的战略调整,发展空间将进一步拓宽。工业产销衔接趋好,煤电油运等生产要素瓶颈制约有所缓解,有利于减缓企业成本压力。
不利因素:一是国际形势存在一些不确定因素,尤其是石油价格波动性较大,直接影响石油加工、炼焦业形势。二是随着宏观调控政策效应的显现,固定资产投资增速可能继续回落,对于我省钢铁、建材等行业的运行产生一定影响。
为保证工业经济持续、健康、快速发展,建议抓好以下几项重点工作:
1、加快调整产业结构。对于传统优势主导产业,加大资源整合力度,向优势企业聚集,加快培育优势产业集群,提升产业核心竞争力;积极发展电子信息、生物制药和新型材料等科技含量高的高新技术产业,下大力提升产业层次;大力发展县域经济,培育壮大区域特色产业,提高农村产业化、工业化和城市化水平。
2、加强节能降耗。切实转变粗放型增长方式,加快发展低耗能、低排放的高技术产业,用高新技术和先进适用技术改造传统产业,淘汰落后工艺、技术和设备。严格限制高耗能、高耗水、高污染和浪费资源的产业。用循环经济理念指导区域发展、产业转型,促进区域产业布局合理调整。围绕核心资源发展相关产业,形成资源循环利用的产业链。实现“低开采、高利用、低排放”,最大限度地利用能源和原材料,将发展经济的着力点放在提高经济增长的质量和效益上,达到经济发展与节约资源、保护环境相协调。
3、打造钢铁产业“航空母舰”。加大对重点钢铁企业的扶持力度,特别要大力推进钢铁行业优化整合步伐,加快传统产业改造升级步伐,着力提高产品的科技含量和行业的结构层次,提高市场竞争力。同时,遏制低水平重复建设,实现资源合理配置,提高产业集中度。
4、采取各种措施,盘活企业资金。要认真做好协调服务,一方面加强银企关系的沟通与协调,积极争取银信部门对企业的支持与扶持;另一方面督促企业诚信经营,增强企业资信度,改善银企关系。同时加强企业经营管理,盘活企业内部资金,按市场要求生产适销对路产品,降低产成品占用资金和减少应收帐款及呆坏帐,提高资金周转率,促进企业生产经营的良性循环。 

 

In 2006, the province's industrial front adhere to the scientific development concept as a guide and conscientiously implement the macro-control policies, innovation and development ideas, speed up structural adjustment, industrial economy maintained a good run trend of steady and rapid growth of production, production and marketing of basic convergence, and efficiency has increased steadily. However, there are still some cause for concern.
1, the main features of
(A) steady and rapid growth of industrial production
The size of the province's industrial added value of 388.02 billion yuan, up 19.8%, higher than the national average of 3.2 percentage points. Production and marketing rate of 98.2% over the previous year an increase of 0.4 percentage points.
1, the enhanced role of leading industry support. Iron and steel, equipment manufacturing, petrochemicals, building materials, textiles, food, medicine, etc. A total of seven leading industrial added value of 307 billion yuan, up 21.6%, accounting for above-scale industries in the province's 80.5% year on year increase of 2.1 percentage points, the contribution of industrial production growth rate of 87.1%. Among them, iron and steel, equipment manufacturing, petrochemical industry, the contribution rate of 3 were 43.0%, 14.9% and 10%. Most industries maintain rapid growth. In the statistical categories of 38 industries, 35 industries to grow, an increase of more than the province average of 19 trades.
2, various types of enterprises have to maintain rapid economic growth. State-owned and state holding enterprises added value of 129.22 billion yuan, an increase of 13.1%; collective enterprises added value of 13.22 billion yuan, an increase of 18.7%; joint-stock cooperative enterprises added value of 1.8 billion yuan, an increase of 16.9%; joint-stock enterprises was 233.4 billion value added yuan, an increase of 23.1%; foreign and overseas-invested enterprises, the added value of 68.12 billion yuan, an increase of 25.8%; other types of enterprises added value of 33.35 billion yuan, an increase of 30.1%. Shareholding, foreign and overseas-invested in other types of enterprises the economic growth rate higher than the provincial average.
3, the main product output to maintain rapid growth. Raw materials, energy and other basic industrial products grew rapidly. Growth of 32.2%, such as steel, pig iron increased by 19.7%, 16.6% growth in flat glass, cement increased by 10.6%. Product structure was further optimized. Some high value-added products grew 39.3% in vehicle growth, automation instruments and systems increase of 23.7%, optical communication equipment increased 1.3-fold, copying machine up 45.3%, component systems increased by 50%, metal-cutting machine tools increased 91.1%.
(B) The steady increase in economic efficiency
1, the overall situation of industrial economic efficiency is getting better, the Composite Index continued to climb. Large-scale industrial economic efficiency index for the 205.8, higher than the national average of 14.6 percent, 19.5 percentage points over the previous year. Seven indicators of good performance benefits, the total capital contribution rate of 15.6% over the previous year increased 1.0 percentage points; capital bao zhi zeng zhi lv of 120.6% increase 2.3 percentage points; sales rate was 98.2%, an increase of 0.4 percentage points; Current Assets Turnover is 2.8 times, increase by 0.1 times; overall labor productivity of 13.2 yuan / person, an increase of 2.4 yuan / person; cost profit margin of 7.4%, an increase of 0.4 percentage points; asset-liability ratio of 61.4%, down 0.4 percentage points .
2, to maintain a rapid growth in profits. The size of the province's industrial profit 88.47 billion yuan, up 30.4%. In the statistics, 38 major categories of industrial sectors, 31 industry profit growth, in which non-ferrous Mining and Dressing Industry, special equipment manufacturing industry, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, agro-food processing industry, ferrous metal mining industry, ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, such as strong growth in profit of 10 industries, an increase of over 40%.
The industrial economy of the main problems is the structure is not entirely reasonable, and new product development capability is not strong, some losses of industrial enterprises increased by a big margin, the pulling power of industry weak, limiting the competitiveness of the industrial economy improved.
Second, the trend this year, prospects and recommendations
Looking ahead to 2007, favorable and adverse factors coexist, the favorable factors should be greater than the negative factors, industrial production will continue to maintain a rapid development momentum.
Favorable factors: First, the world economy will maintain rapid growth for our country and our province's economy steady and rapid growth to create a better international environment. Second, in 2006 China's macro-control to achieve positive results and unhealthy factors have been further checked, you win on the national economy has continued stable and rapid development. At the same time, the convening of the party's 17 largest, will bring about more stable social environment. Third, support the province's industrial development pattern will not change. Iron and steel, equipment manufacturing, petrochemical, and other leading industries will continue to maintain strong support for industrial production. Especially with the steel industry, the strategic adjustment of the development of space will be further widened. Industrial production and marketing of convergence is fairly good, Meidianyouyun bottleneck production factors such as easing of pressure to help reduce business costs.
Negative factors: First, there are some uncertainties in the international situation, particularly the volatile oil prices, a direct impact on petroleum processing, coking industry in the situation. Second, with the apparent effect of macro-control policies, fixed-asset investment growth may continue to fall, for our province iron and steel, building materials industry, a certain impact on the operation.
In order to ensure industrial economy, a sustained, healthy and rapid development, it is recommended to do the following priorities:
1, speed up industrial restructuring. For the traditional advantages of the leading industry efforts to increase integration of resources to the advantage of corporate gathering advantages of accelerating the development of industrial clusters to enhance the core competitiveness of industries; actively development of electronic information, biological pharmacy and new materials, high-tech high-tech industries, the next to greatly enhance the industrial level; vigorously develop the county economy, and fostering the growth of regional characteristics, industry, the advancement of rural industrialization, the level of industrialization and urbanization.
2, to enhance energy saving. Effectively change the extensive mode of growth, accelerate the development of low-power, low-emission high-tech industries, high technology and advanced applicable technologies to transform traditional industries and eliminate backward techniques, technologies and equipment. Strictly limit the high-energy, high water consumption, high pollution and waste of resources industries. With the circular economy concept to guide regional development, industrial restructuring, promoting regional industrial layout adjusted rationally. Around the core resources to develop related industries, the formation of resource recycling industry chain. Achieve the "low exploration, high-use, low emissions," to maximize the use of energy and raw materials, will focus on economic development, improve the quality of economic growth and efficiency, and achieve economic development and conserve resources, protect the environment.
3, to build the steel industry "aircraft carrier." Increase support for efforts key steel enterprises, in particular, we should vigorously promote the integration of iron and steel industry to optimize the pace of the upgrading of traditional industries and accelerate the pace of efforts to enhance scientific and technological content of products and industry structure, levels, improve market competitiveness. At the same time, contain low-level redundant construction, rational allocation of resources to enhance industrial concentration.
4, adopted various measures to revitalize the enterprise funds. Should conscientiously do a good job co-ordination services, on the one hand to strengthen communication and coordination between banks and enterprises to actively seek Bank and Credit sector support and support for enterprise; the other hand, urge enterprises to credit management, enhance creditworthiness and improve the relationship between banks and enterprises. At the same time strengthening enterprise management, make an inventory of internal funds, according to market requirements produce marketable products, and lower capital and reduce the occupancy of finished products, and bad debt receivables and improve cash flow ratios, and promoting a virtuous circle of production and operation.

 

   

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