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河北介绍

 
   

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        河北位于北京、天津两市的外围,自古即是京畿要地。作为清代皇室的“郊游”场所,河北省东北部的承德是我国最早命名的历史文化名城之一,这里有清代最大的皇家古典园林承德避暑山庄,中国最大的皇家寺庙群——“外八庙”,清代皇家游猎的场所——木兰围场。河北是中国的文物大省,有国家重点文物保护单位58处,名列全国首位,著名的还有邯郸赵王城遗址、涉县娲皇宫、响堂山石窟、保定直隶总督署、古莲花池、清西陵,唐山清东陵、沧州铁狮子、定州塔、赵州桥、正定隆兴寺等。在悠悠历史古迹的背后,河北省也不乏拥有风景秀丽的自然景观:北戴河、秦皇岛南戴河和唐山沿海的天然海滨风光,辽阔壮美的坝上草原,野趣天成的涞水野三坡,险峻又不失秀美的嶂石岩……山、水、草原各种景致相映相成,为“燕赵大地”增添了不少色彩。部分地区古属冀州,故简称冀。河北地处华北、渤海之滨,首都北京周围,近郊天津。春秋战国时为燕、赵之地,汉、晋时置冀、幽二州,唐属河北道,元属中书省,明属京师,清为直隶,1928年始称河北省。现辖11地级市、22县级市、109县、6自治县。60多个市县对外开放。全省面积187693平方公里。有汉族、回族、满族等民族。
  【冀州释义】 值得一提的是,“冀”这个河北省的简称,蕴含和寄托着美好的愿望。如前所述,河北省简称“冀”是由古冀州而来。那么,“冀”是什么意思?我国古代传说中的帝王尧,诞生于河北省顺平县,后建都平阳(今山西省临汾市,亦为古冀州之地)。曾在今河北省中、南部活动,顺平县、定州市、唐县、望都县、隆尧县的地方志中,都有关于帝尧活动的记载。东汉(公元25至220年)时有一部推究事物命名由来的书叫《释名》,它在解释“冀州”这个地名的由来时这样写道:冀州位于北方,这里居住过帝王,这个地方有险有易,纷乱希望得到治理,贫弱希望变得富强,荒歉希望获得丰收。“冀”是个多义字,在汉语里有多种含义,其中有一义是“希望”的意思。在汉语的书面语言中,就有“希冀”、“冀望”、“期冀”这些词。《释名》解释冀州这个名称的含义,就是在“希冀”这个意义上使用的。这样,冀州,就是寄予希望之州,那么,如今简称“冀”的河北省就是寄予希望之地了。

 

Hebei is located in Beijing, Tianjin and cities of the periphery, since ancient times, that is to be in Gyeonggi Province. As the Qing Dynasty royal family "outing" place, Chengde, Hebei Province, northeast China's historical and cultural city named after the first one, there's classical gardens in the Qing Dynasty's largest royal summer resort in Chengde, China's largest royal monastery complex - "foreign 8 Temple ", the Qing Dynasty royal hunting place - Magnolia paddock. Hebei province is China's cultural relics, there are 58 national key cultural relics protection units, ranking first in the country along with the famous city of Handan zhaowang sites, Shexian Wa Palace, xiangtangshan Grottoes, Baoding zhi li zong du shu , gulian flower beds, Western Qing Tombs, Tangshan Eastern Qing Tombs, Cangzhou Iron Lion, Dingzhou tower, Zhaozhou Bridge, Zhengding Longxing Monastery and so on. In the long history behind the monuments, there is no lack in Hebei Province has a beautiful natural landscape: Beidaihe, Qinhuangdao and Tangshan Nandaihe natural coastal beach scenery, the vast magnificent dam grassland, the rustic charm of heaven's Laishui Yesanpo, dangerous, yet beautiful Zhangshiyan ... ... mountains, water, grasslands, a variety of scenery form a contrast complementary to each other, in order to "Hebei Earth," adds a lot of color. Parts of the ancient are Jizhou, it referred to as Ji. Hebei is located in northern China, the Bohai Sea, the capital of Beijing around the suburbs of Tianjin. The Spring and Autumn when Yan, Zhao, the Han, Jin Ji, when set with stunning two states, Tang is a Hebei Road, an executive secretariat Yuan, Ming is the capital and Qing as Zhili, said Hebei province began in 1928. Has jurisdiction over 11 prefecture-level cities, 22 county-level cities, 109 counties, 6 counties. Opening up more than 60 cities and counties. The province's area is 187,693 square kilometers. Are Han, Hui, Manchu ethnic groups.
Interpretation】 【Jizhou is worth mentioning is that, "Ji" is referred to in Hebei province, containing the goals and hopes the good wishes. As mentioned earlier, Hebei Province, abbreviated as "Ji" is coming from the ancient Jizhou. Then, "Ji" What does it mean? China's ancient legendary emperors Yao, was born in Hebei Province, Shunping County, after its capital Pingyang (today's Linfen city, Shanxi Province, is also a land of ancient Jizhou). Hebei Province in this central and southern events Shunping County, will be City, Tangxian County, Wangdu County, Longyao County's local history, there are records of activity on the About Yao. Eastern Han Dynasty (AD 25-220 years) when a standpoint of scientific research the origin of things named after a book called "Release name", it explained, "Jizhou" The Origin of place names so when wrote: Jizhou located in the north, where the emperor lived, this place has insurance such as Yi, and confused want to be treated, the weak hopes to become a prosperous, famine want a good harvest. "Ji" is a polysemic word, in Chinese, there are a variety of meanings, of which there is a sense of "hope" means. In the Chinese written language, there is "hope,", "aspirations", "Qi Ji," these words. "Release name" to explain the meaning of the name Jizhou, that is, "hope," in this sense used. In this way, Jizhou, that is sent to the state of hope, then, is now referred to as "Ji" in Hebei Province that is sent to the promised land of the.

 

   

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