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河间市位于今河北省内,属沧州市管辖。地处华北平原腹地,居京(北京)、津(天津)、石(石家庄)三角中心。总面积1333平方公里,辖20个乡镇,总人口78万。邮政编码062450。市人民政府驻瀛州镇。
  河间历史悠久,从新石器时代晚期就有人类居住。三皇五帝时颛顼创制九州,河间本属高阳国,到夏商周时,河间又属冀州。
  河间古郡的名称已久,取名河间的原因,就是因为它在徒骇河、大史河、马颊河、覆釜河、胡苏河、简河、絜河、钩盘河、鬲津河等九河之间。
  河间在春秋属燕国之域,战国时期分属燕、赵二国,秦属巨鹿郡。秦始皇废封建为郡县,沿袭春秋战国旧县名置武垣县,这就是河间县的前身。直到隋炀帝大业初,以武垣县境介于沙(子牙河)唐(古寇水)两河之间,才把武垣县改为河间县。从西汉文帝至武帝400余年间,4次建河间国,其间时国时郡。隋至唐属河间郡或瀛州。五代时瀛州归契丹辖。宋置高阳关路安抚使。大观二年(1108年)罢瀛州改府,河间属之。元改府为路,仍领河间。明去路存府,河间属京师河间府辖。抗日战争时期伪政府和抗日民主政府并存,伪县政府先后属伪河北省津海道尹公署、渤海道尹公暑、河间县抗日民主政府于1938年2月建立,先后属冀中区一、三、九、八公署。建国后河间属河北省沧县专区。1958年改隶天津专区,后又改隶天津市,1961年5月津、沧分后,称沧州专员公署,河间属之,1990年10月18日经国务院批准,河间撤县设市,由沧州地区代管。1992年沧州地市合并,河间市由沧州市代管。
  河间市地处华北平原,盛产多种粮棉瓜果,尤以金丝小枣、天津鸭梨等著名。工业产品种类很多,化工、纺织、电缆均较突出。 近年来,河间已形成了以电线电缆、保温材料、汽车配件、建材、花卉、餐具为主的六大支柱产业,乡镇企业已有5个跨入国家级先进行列,被国家有关部门命名为“中国电线电缆生产基地”。市内交通发达、通讯便利。1990年,河间撤县设市,1997年通过国家小康验收。全市各项事业都有了长足发展。
  至1998年河间辖7镇13乡,615个行政村,179241户,总人口745557人,人口密度为559人/平方公里,有汉、回、壮、满、蒙古、朝鲜、苗、土家、藏、彝、布依、侗、瑶、白、傣、黎、傈僳、纳西、达斡尔、仫佬、羌、仡佬、京族等23个民族,以汉族居多。另有中国籍日本人2人。
  1978年中共十一届三中全会以后,各种形式的农业生产责任制在河间逐步发展1980年县委总结并推广了后念祖等大队的经验,在全县范围内推广联产承包责任制。1983年,全县普遍实行了以家庭联产承包为主的多种形式的生产责任制,改革了“大锅饭”的弊端,但仍坚持土地、大型电力设施等主要生产资料集体所有,仅是改变经营方式,以家庭经营为主。1984年,县委为贯彻好《中共中央关于一九八四年农村工作的通知》,培训县乡宣传骨干1100多人,到农村中广泛宣传中央政策,继续稳定完善家庭联产承包为主的责任制,延长土地承包期,同时大力支持专业户、重点户发展。1979年以后,按国家规定,所有企业实行“利改税”,税后自负盈亏,1985年以后县属企业中实行厂长承包经营责任制;鼓励发展乡镇企业,乡镇、村、联合体、个体一齐上,陆续形成了保温材料、汽车配件、化纤制品、拉丝模具、食品加工、通讯器材、建筑材料、工艺制品、服装鞋帽、化工仪表、塑料制品等行业。

 

Hejian this city is located in Hebei, is a jurisdiction of Cangzhou City. Is located in the hinterland of the North China Plain, ranking Beijing (Beijing), Jin (Tianjin), stone (Shijiazhuang) triangle center. A total area of 1333 square kilometers, jurisdiction over 20 towns, with a total population of 780,000. Postal Code 062.45 thousand. Municipal People's Government in Yeongju town.
Hejian a long history of human habitation there from the late Neolithic Age. Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors, when Zhuanxu create Kyushu, Hejian Gao Yang country belonged to the Xia Shang Zhou, when the river is between one another Jizhou.
Hejian ancient name of the county has long called Hejian the reason is because it tuhai River, big history of River, MA cheek River, covered kettle river, Hu Su River, Jane River, scour river, hook plate river, Ge Jin River among the other eight river.
Hejian Yan State in the Spring and Autumn are the domain, belong to the Warring States period Yan, Zhao two countries, Qin is Julu County. Abolition of the feudal emperor for the counties, followed the name of the Spring and Autumn Jiuxian home Wuyuan County, which is the predecessor of Hejian County. Emperor until the cause of the early to Wuyuan county between sand (Ziya River) Tang (ancient Kou water) between the two rivers, and only then changed to Kawai County, Wuyuan County. From Emperor to the Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty more than 400 years, four times to build Hejian States, during which time the State of the county. Sui Zhi Tang is a county or Yeongju Hejian. The Five Dynasties period Yeongju owned by Khitan jurisdiction. Song Gao Yang Guan Lu Chi An Fushi. Grand two years (1108) Recall Yeongju to change the government, are the Hejian. Yuan to change government for the road, still receive Hejian. Cun-Ming avenue House, is the capital Hejian Hejian government jurisdiction. Anti-Japanese War and the anti-Japanese puppet government of the coexistence of a democratic government, pseudo-pseudo-county, Hebei, Tianjin is the sea has Taoyin Corruption, the Bohai Sea Road Yingong summer, Hejian County, the anti-Japanese democratic government was established in February 1938, has an Jizhong District One, three, nine, eight Office. Hejian after the founding of an area in Hebei Province Cangxian. Transfer of the zone in Tianjin in 1958, and later transfer of the Tianjin Municipality, Tianjin in May 1961, Cang minutes after, saying Cangzhou Commissioner, is the Hejian, October 18, 1990 by the State Council approved a city Hejian withdrawal County , hosted by the Cangzhou area. Cangzhou City in 1992 to merge Hejian hosted by the Cangzhou City.
Hejian is located in the North China Plain, a variety of grain and cotton-rich fruits, especially in Ziziphus jujuba, Tianjin and other well-known pear. Many types of industrial products, chemicals, textiles, cables than those highlighted. In recent years, the river formed a corporation which has been wire and cable, insulation materials, auto parts, building materials, flowers, tableware consisting mainly of the six pillar industries, township enterprises have entered the five state-level advanced ranks, was named the national authorities "China's wire and cable production base." The city-developed transport and communication facilities. In 1990, Hejian a county to the city in 1997 through the national well-off and acceptance. The city's undertakings have made leaps and bounds.
1998 Hejian jurisdiction over 7 towns 13 townships, 615 administrative villages, 179,241, with a total population of 745,557 people, the population density of 559 persons / sq km, with the Han, Hui, Zhuang, Manchu, Mongolian, Korean, Miao, Tujia, Tibetan, Yi, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Bai, Dai, Li, Lisu, Naxi, Daur, Mulam, Qiang, Gelo, Beijing and other 23 ethnic nationalities, the Han majority. Another Japanese, two Chinese people.
After the Third Plenum in 1978, the CPC and various forms of agricultural production responsibility system in the progressive development of entre-county in 1980 to sum up and promote the Brigade such as the post-Nianzu experience in the promotion of contract responsibility system within the county . In 1983, the county generally introduced to the household contract responsibility system based forms of production, and reform the "iron rice bowl" of the drawbacks, but still insist on the land, large-scale power facilities, and other major means of collective ownership, only to change the mode of operation, home-based business. In 1984, the county is implementing the "CPC Central Committee on rural work in 1984 to inform" and to train more than 1,100 county and township information backbone to the wide publicity central policy in rural areas have continued stability and improve the household contract responsibility-based system, to extend the period of land contracting, and support specialized household development. Since 1979, according to state regulations, all enterprises, "turning profits into taxes", after-tax profits and losses, after 1985 the implementation of county director of enterprise contract management responsibility system; encourage the development of township enterprises, towns, villages, the consortium, individual together, the gradually formed a thermal insulation material, auto parts, chemical products, wire drawing dies, food processing, telecommunications equipment, building materials, craft products, garments, chemical instruments, plastic products and other industries.

   

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