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涞源县

 
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 涞源县历史悠久,源远流长,自汉置县以来已有2000多年的建置史。在漫长的历史长河中,勤劳勇敢的涞源人民,谱写了光辉的篇章。早在晚清时期就已将反清灭洋大旗插上了白石山巅;抗日战争的时期,在中国共产党的领导下,涞源人民为保家卫国,立下了汗马功劳,特别是黄土岭战役,日军中将阿部规秀就在这里被击毙,成为中国抗日史中辉煌的战役之一;涞源县抗日小英雄王二小的献身故事已广为流传;加拿大国际友人白求恩大夫,为帮助中国的抗日战争,不远万里来到中国并以身殉职,当年(1939年10月)在涞源县孙家庄为伤员施行手术的小庙依然保存完好。
新中国成立后,特别是中共十一届三中全会以来,涞源县委、县政府正在以扎实的步伐率领全县人民由温饱向小康迈进。
涞源县位于河北省保定地区西北部,太行山北端。东经114°20′~115°05′,北纬39°01′~39°40′。总面积2448平方公里。东北距北京160公里,东距天津210公里,东南距保定89公里。
涞源县属全山区县,境内群山起伏,沟谷纵横,海拔1000米以上的山峰78座,1500米以上的山峰32座,2000米以上的山峰5座,尤其是位于县中南部的白石山,海拔2096米,最为雄伟壮观。整个地势西北高,东南低。
涞源盆地面积120平方公里,地处涞源县中心,海拔808米,最高处902米,整个盆地东南低,西北高。
涞源县河流,主要有拒马河和唐河两大河流,均属于大清河水系,总长79.65公里,总流量19.24立方米/秒。
拒马河发源于县城南旗山脚下,以地下水溢出成泉群形式变成地表水,境内干流长45.65公里,流域面积1656平方公里,为常年基流河;唐河发源于山西省浑源县,在涞源境内长34公里,流域面积792平方公里。
涞源县山泉分布较广,共计102处,主要有旗山、北海、南关3泉,(即拒马源、涞水源、易水源),三股泉在城东南0.5公里处汇合。在丰水期大于0.3立方米/秒的有46处,大于0.5立方米/秒的17处,枯水期大于0.1立方米/秒的69处,大于0.2立方米/秒的有23处,大于0.3立方米/秒的有8处。
涞源县地下水资源丰富,地下水循环交替迅速,水质普遍较好,绝大部分地区属重碳酸钙镁型水,其次是氯化物型水,均属淡水区。矿化度平均值为11.9毫克/升,最大值为31毫克/升;酸碱度PH值在7~8之间,为中性弱碱性;总硬度为12(德国度),适合灌溉、工业用水,大部分符合饮用标准。
涞源县冷水资源丰富、清沏,适合养殖名贵鱼种虹鳟鱼、金鳟鱼等,涞源县是全国最大的苗种供应基地之一,是河北省虹鳟鱼、金鳟鱼养殖基地之一。
涞源县植被属华北植物区系,现有植被大部分为灌草丛,其次是天然次生林和人工林,森林覆盖率为18.24%。
涞源县耕地占总面积的11.19%,园地占0.19%,林地占总面积的20.06%,工矿用地占总面积的2.14%,交通用地占总面积的0.31%,水域占1.78%,未利用土地占总面积的64.34%。
涞源县矿产已查明的有金属、非金属矿43种,矿点160个,具有一定开采价值。金属矿主要有:金银矿、铅锌矿、铁矿、铜矿、钼矿;非金属矿主要有石棉、大理石、石灰岩、花岗岩、钾长石矿、石英石矿、海泡石矿、褐煤等。
全县人口 27万人。农业、矿业、旅游业是涞源县的三大产业,目前旅游业成为县重点培植的支柱产业。
全县交通便利,有108线、112线、207线等国道、公路有保涞线、天青线、沙东线等;铁路有京原铁路,每天有三对常规列车通过,一对旅游专列空调车往返于北京—涞源之间。
涞源县的历史文化丰厚,文物古迹众多,自中石器时期以来历代都有大量文化遗存,县城中的阅院寺文殊殿是全国保存最完好的、最古老的土木建筑,明代长城、以及唐代兴文塔、泰山宫是保存完好的文物古迹。
涞源县地质旅游资源丰富,有白石山景区、十瀑峡景区、拒马源泉群、森林公园、仙人峪、空中草原等。地质遗迹涉及面广,尤其是白石山大理岩构造峰林,是一种地质地貌景观的新类型,在白石山发现了最古老的地震遗迹以及十瀑峡瀑布与花岗岩三组原生节理的关系……,它们都是不可再生的宝贵资源。
涞源正在发展成为一座新型的山水旅游城市。

 

Laiyuan County has a long history goes back to ancient times, since the Chinese home county more than 2,000 years has been the history of the building. In the long history, the industrious and brave people of the ripple source, write a glorious chapter. As early as the late Qing Dynasty had to put up the banner of anti-money out of the Whitehead-yang Mountain; the Anti-Japanese War period, the Communist Party of China, under the leadership of the source of people to defend their homeland brook, made a contribution, especially in the Loess Ridge battle, the Japanese will show Abe Regulation was killed here, the history of China's anti-Japanese campaign of one of the brilliant; Laiyuan County small anti-Japanese hero Wang dedication small story has already been; Canadian doctor Norman Bethune International friends, In order to help China's War of Resistance Against Japan, traveled long distances to come to China and lost their lives, then (October 1939) in Laiyuan County Sunjiazhuang surgery for the wounded of the temple is still intact.
After the founding of new China, especially since the Third Plenary Session of the CPC, Laiyuan County Committee, the county government is a solid pace, led by food and clothing to the people of the county into a well-off.
Laiyuan County is located northwest of Baoding in Hebei Province, the northern end of the Taihang Mountains. Longitude 114 ° 20 '~ 115 ° 05', latitude 39 ° 01 '~ 39 ° 40'. The total area of 2448 square kilometers. 160 kilometers northeast from Beijing, 210 kilometers east of Tianjin, 89 kilometers southeast from Baoding.
Laiyuan County is an all-mountain districts, the territory of undulating hills, valley aspect, elevation 1000 meters above the summit of 78, more than 1500 meters peaks 32, 2000 m above the five peaks, particularly those in central and southern countiesbai shi shan , 2096 meters above sea level, the most magnificent. The high terrain of the northwest, southeast low.
Brook basin area of the source of one hundred and twenty square kilometers, is located in Laiyuan County Center, 808 meters above sea level, top 902 meters, the entire lower basin southeast, northwest high.
Laiyuan County rivers, mainly in Tangheju ma he and two major rivers, are Daqinghe water, with a total length 79.65 kilometers, the total flow of 19.24 cubic meters / sec.
Chishanju ma he originated at the foot of the south county to overflow intoquan qun the form of groundwater into surface water, the territory of the main stream of 45.65 kilometers long, watershed area of 1656 square kilometers, the river flow all the year round; originated in Tanghe County, Shanxi Provincehun yuan in the territory of ripple source 34 kilometers long, watershed area of 792 square km.
Laiyuan County Spring wider distribution, for a total of 102, there are Chishan, the North Sea, the South Gate 3, Stephen, (ie, barricades source ripple of water, easy water), three-chuen, 0.5 kilometers southeast of the city Department convergence. In the wet period is greater than 0.3 cubic meters / second with 46, more than 0.5 cubic meters / 17 seconds, dry season is greater than 0.1 cubic meters / 69 seconds, more than 0.2 cubic meters / sec of 23 , greater than 0.3 cubic meters / second with eight.
Laiyuan County rich in groundwater resources, groundwater, the rapid turn of the cycle, water quality generally good, most of the region is a heavy magnesium carbonate type of water, followed by the chloride-type water, is fresh water. Average salinity was 11.9 mg / L, maximum 31 mg / L; pH PH value of between 7 to 8 for the neutral weak alkaline; total hardness of 12 (German degrees), suitable for irrigation, industrial water Most of potable standard.
Laiyuan County is rich in resources in cold water, steep-ching for breeding rare species of rainbow trout, golden trout and so on, Laiyuan County is the nation's largest supply base offspring of the rainbow trout in Hebei Province, the breeding base of trout 1.
Vegetation is Laiyuan County of North China flora, the majority of existing vegetation for irrigation in the bushes, followed by natural secondary forest and plantation, forest coverage is 18.24%.
Laiyuan County total land area of 11.19 percent, accounting for 0.19% garden, woodland accounting for 20.06 percent of the total area, the total industrial land area of 2.14 percent, the total land area of the traffic of 0.31%, accounting for 1.78% water, unused land accounted for 64.34% of the total area.
Laiyuan County minerals have been identified are metals, non-metallic minerals 43, 160 occurrence, the exploitation of a certain value. Metal miners have: gold and silver ore, lead-zinc, iron ore, copper, molybdenum mine; non-metallic mine to have asbestos, marble, limestone, granite, potash feldspar ore, quartz quarry, sepiolite mining, lignite and so on.
County population of 270,000 people. Agriculture, mining, tourism is Laiyuan County's three major industries, tourism has become the current focus on nurturing the county's pillar industries.
Convenient transportation throughout the county, there are 108 lines, 112 lines, 207 lines and other countries that have security brook lane highway, azurol lines, such as sand east; Beijing Railway has the original railway, every day through three pairs of conventional trains, a pair of train travel round-trip air-conditioned car in Beijing - brook sources.
Laiyuan County's rich history and culture, heritage of many, since in the Stone Age have been a large number of ancient cultural relics, the county seat in the house read Manjusri Temple Hall is the best preserved and most ancient civil architecture, the Ming Dynasty Great Wall, as well as Xingwen tower in the Tang Dynasty, Taishan Palace is a well-preserved cultural relics.
Geo-tourism Laiyuan County is rich in resources, and scenicbai shi shan ten scenic waterfall gorge, barricades source group, Forest Park, immortal Tongkuangyu, air and other grasslands. Covers a wide range of geological remains, particularly marble structurebai shi shan peaks, is a new geological landscape types found in the oldestbai shi shan earthquake Gorge waterfall sites, as well as 10 three sets of waterfalls and native granite joint relationship ... ..., they are a valuable non-renewable resources.
Ripple source is developing a new type of landscape as a tourist city.

   

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