静宁县位于甘肃省东部，六盘山以西，华家岭以东，东径 105°20'－106°05'，北纬35°01'－35°45'。东、北与宁夏隆德、西吉县接壤，西、南与通渭、秦安县毗连，西北与会宁县为邻，东南与庄浪县相依。县境南北长 81公里 ，东西宽 68.75公里 ，总面积 2193平方公里。东距平凉 110公里 ，西至兰州 220公里 ， 312国道横穿腹地，素有"陇口要地"之称。
静宁地处黄土高原丘陵沟壑区，属祁连褶皱系的向东延伸地区，处于祁连山、吕梁山、贺兰山山字形构造脊柱南端马蹄形盾地的陇西系六盘山旋回褶皱带。地势由西北向东南倾斜，海拔 1600－ 2245米 ，地形为葫芦河流域河谷川地、河谷盆地、丘陵坡地和梁峁地，有大小梁峁 1098个，山梁总长 1652公里 ，主要山梁有 13条，以葫芦河为界，东侧系六盘山分支，西侧为华家岭余脉。地层以陆相岩层为主，部分地区有火成岩出露。土壤为黄绵土、黑垆土、红粘土、新积土、沼泽土等六个土类，黄绵土为主要土类，占全县土壤面积的91.18%，分布于全县各乡镇的山坡和梁峁。其中有机质含量为0.92%，全氮为0.072%，速效磷为8.24PPM，速效钾170.1PPM，适宜种植小麦、洋芋、糜谷、豆类、中草药等作物。全县梯田面积达到132.8万亩，人均3亩，梯田化程度达到90。农业主产小麦、玉米、谷子、荞麦、莜麦、高梁等粮食作物和洋芋、豆类、胡麻、油菜、苹果、早酥梨、蔬菜等经济作物。
全县林木有 70种，分属236科。杨、柳、槐、椿、榆为主要用材林木，分布较普遍，川区多种植加拿大杨、北京杨、钻天杨、柳、槐，山区多植早旱柳、山杨、臭椿、白榆、槐，造林面积达到71.4万亩，森森林覆盖率8.9%。苹果、梨、杏、桃、花椒为主要经济林木，经过近几年的产业调整，逐步形成 了“南部苹果、北部梨”的发展格局， 果园面积达到 30.2成万亩，果品总量达到7.3万吨。种植的药材主要有：党参、南沙参、黄芪、甘草等近40个品种。适宜种植的花卉有：野丁香、文竹、牡丹、玫瑰、月季等31个品种。已发现的野生植物有：黄花、野韭、小蒜、苋麻、野胡麻、野荞麦、继续等40个品种。野生动物，康熙年间仍见虎、熊、豺、鹿、黄羊、青羊、水狼多种。目前，发现的兽类有15种，鸟类27种，两栖爬行类13种，其他虫类多种。近年来，我县加大了产业结构调整，大力发展养殖业，养殖业以猪、静宁土鸡和牛、羊为主。
属暖温带半湿润半干旱气候，四季分明，气候温和，光照充足，年均气温 7.1℃ ，无霜期 159天，年均日照时数2238小时。降水分布时空不均匀，夏水较多，冬春较少，年均降水量 450.8毫米 ，可靠值 383毫米 ，年蒸发量 1469毫米 。
Jingning County is located in the eastern part of Gansu Province, Liupanshan west, east Huajialing East Drive, 105 ° 20'-106 ° 05 ', latitude 35 ° 01'-35 ° 45'. East, North andning xia long de , Xiji County border, west and south andtong wei , Qinan adjacent to the northwest neighborhood of the participating County, southeast of dependency and Zhuanglang County. County 81 kilometers long from north to south, east-west width 68.75 kilometers, the total area of 2193 square kilometers. Pingliang 110 kilometers east, 220 kilometers west of Lanzhou, 312 State Road, across the hinterland, known as "Long I have to to" of.
Jingning is located in hilly and gully region of Loess Plateau, the Qilian fold line is an extension of the east region, in the Qilian Mountains,lv liang shan , Helan Mountain spine-shaped structure at the southern end of the horseshoe-shaped shield and the Department of Liupanshan cycle Longxi fold belt. Terrain from northwest to southeast tilt, elevation 1600 - 2245 meters, the terrain for the Sichuan gourd River valley, the valley basin, hill slope and beam result, there are the size of beam 1098 result, ridge length of 1652 kilometers, the main ridge there are 13, Huluhe bounded to the east branch of the Department of Liupanshan, on the west side foryu mai Huajialing. Rock strata in continental-based, some areas are exposed rock. Loess soil for the soil, black clay soil, red clay, the new soil, swamp soil six soil type, yellow cotton as the major soil types of soil, the soil area of the county accounted for 91.18%, located in the county and the township beam result of the slope. Which organic matter content of 0.92% to 0.072% total nitrogen, available phosphorus 8.24PPM, K 170.1PPM, suitable for cultivation of wheat, potato, Mi Gu, beans, herbs and other crops. County area of 132.8 mu of terraced fields, 3 mu per capita, the degree of terraces 90. Agricultural production of wheat, maize, millet, buckwheat, naked oats, sorghum and other food crops and potato, beans, flax, canola, apple, pear morning, vegetables and other cash crops.
There are 70 kinds of trees throughout the county belonging to 236 branches. Yang, Liu, Huai, piling, elm wood as the main timber, the distribution of the more common, more plants and the Canadian-ku Yang, Beijing, Yang, Yang drilling days, Liu, Huai, and more mountain-sik as early as Salix, Shanyang, Ailanthus altissima, Ulmus pumila, Cassia afforestation area of 71.4 hectares, 8.9 percent coveragesen sen lin . Apple, pear, apricot, peach, pepper trees for the major economies, after the industrial restructuring in recent years, has gradually developed a "Southern apples, pears northern" development pattern, into the orchard area of 30.2 hectares, fruit total 73,000 tons. Cultivation of medicinal herbs are: Radix Codonopsis, Radix Adenophorae, astragalus, licorice, such as nearly 40 varieties. Suitable for cultivation of flowers and plants are: wild clove, asparagus, peonies, roses, rose varieties, such as 31. Wild plants have been found are: yellow, wild leek, small garlic, amaranth Ma, wild flax, wild buckwheat, and other 40 varieties continue. Wild animals, Kangxi still see tigers, bears, jackals, deer, Mongolian gazelle, Qingyang, a variety of water wolf. At present, found there are 15 kinds of mammals, 27 kinds of birds, 13 kinds of amphibians and reptiles, a variety of other insects. In recent years, increasedwo xian industrial restructuring, vigorously develop the aquaculture industry, aquaculture in pigs, Jingning chicken and cattle, mainly sheep.
Jingning County proven mineral are: Li Zhen Du Grand Bay, iron ore, large rural-ren Gao Gap Tiger Bay iron ore and manganese ore, the town of Granville by Rong Jia-lead-zinc Gap, Chengguan Town and Bridge Division Township at the junction of bifurcated clay and high clay mineral sector town meeting at the junction of County jar Gap coal, more than 10 types of resources, lead, zinc, iron, limestone-rich mineral reserves, the higher the grade, the development of a bright future.
Is a semi-arid sub-humid warm temperate climate, four seasons, mild climate and adequate illumination, with an average annual temperature of 7.1 ℃, frost-free period 159 days, with an average annual sunshine hours of 2238 hours. Uneven spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall, summer water more, less in winter and spring, with an average annual precipitation 450.8 millimeters, 383 millimeters and reliable value, the annual evaporation is 1469 millimeters.
Rivers in order to hoist the main stream of River, the east and west sides there are high-boundary rivers, red Sihe, Nanhe, Gan River, Li River store, Gan Wei River, such as 9 teams
Flow, annual runoff volume 286 million cubic meters.
County jurisdiction over 5 towns, 19 townships and 392 administrative villages, 2320 village groups, four residents.
By the end of 2006, the county's total population 463,400, of which agricultural population of 444,500 people. The total area of 2193 square kilometers, the population density of 215 persons / sq km. To the Han ethnic-based to 1210 the Hui ethnic minority people-oriented, more focused on living.