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平凉市  张掖市 甘南藏族自治州
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甘 肃 介 绍

 
 
地理地貌 汽车牌照 植物资源
隋唐五代时期 甘肃民族 西部开发
邮电通信 宋元明清时期 甘肃文化
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矿产资源 春秋战国以前 通信交通
  甘肃宗教 秦汉时期
中华人民共和国成立以后  
三国和魏晋南北朝  
 

 

  

甘肃介绍

 
 

秦汉时期

  秦统一六国,建立起统一的、多民族的封建中央集权国家,全面推广春秋战国时期己出现的郡县制,分全国为36郡(后增为40郡)。当时,省境行政区划为郡、县两级制,共设陇西、北地2 郡。陇西郡郡治狄道(故治在今临洮县东北),辖区约当今甘肃东南部之地;北地郡治义渠(故治在今宁县西北),辖区约当今甘肃东北部和宁夏回族自治区东南部之地。今甘南东南隅之一部属汉中郡(治南郑,今陕西省汉中)。县以下基层行政组织为乡、里。
西汉时期的行政区划同秦代一样,仍为郡县两级制。公元前205 年,汉高祖始占有陇西、北地两郡。随着汉王朝疆域的不断扩大,郡县数随之猛增。汉武帝凭借汉朝强大的经济、军事实力,从公元前133 年到公元前119 年,集中兵力反击匈奴的经常骚扰,并取得军事上的胜利,在此基础上遂先后于元狩2年(公元前121年)置武威、酒泉2郡。过了10年,于元鼎6年(公元前111年),分武威郡置张掖郡,析酒泉郡置敦煌郡。同时迁徙内地贫民到河西4 郡,在沿黄河自朔方以西至令居(今永登县西),广泛实行军事屯田,军农结合,巩固边防。河西4郡的设置,对切断匈奴与西羌的交通,开辟我国通往西域的走廊,对于开发河西,促进这一地区经济和文化的发展,具有十分重要的意义。其后于汉武帝元鼎3年(公元前114年)又增置天水、安定郡;元鼎6年(公元前111 年)设武都郡;汉昭帝始元六年(公元前81年),从天水、陇西、张掖3 郡各分出2个县建立金城郡。这样,就使省境郡的数目由秦代的2个郡增为10个郡,共辖115县、10道(县一级,在少数民族地区设置)。10个道是:嘉陵道(故治在今成县西北)、循成道(故治在今陕西略阳县西北)、下辨道(故治在今成县西)、略畔道(故治在今合水县西南)、义渠道(故治在今宁县西北)、阴平道(故治在今文县)、平乐道(故治在今康县西北平洛镇)、戎邑道(故治在今秦安县东)、绵诸道(故治在今天水市麦积东区)、略阳道(故治在今秦安县东北)。除行政区以外,西汉王朝为加强中央集权,还在地方设置监察区。汉武帝元封5年(公元前106 年)分天下为13个刺史部(州),即13个监察区,每部派一刺史(汉成帝时更名为州牧),每年8月巡行所属郡国,按照西汉中央政府规定的六条,省察地方政务,黜陟能否,检举官吏的不法行为,纠察强宗豪右,断理冤狱。当时甘肃属凉州刺史部。
东汉时,行政区划大体上是州、郡、县三级制。汉灵帝中平5年(公元188年),为了加强地方官的实力,镇压农民起义,改革地方行政制度,扩大刺史权力,并将刺史更名为州牧,确定州为郡上面的一级地方政权。这就使实行了400 年之久的郡县两级制扩大为州、郡、县三级制。当时甘肃属凉州,治陇(故治即今张家川回族自治县),辖区约当今甘肃大部和宁夏回族自治区的南部。凉州共辖10个郡、2个属国、99县。10个郡与西汉时的建置相同,即:武都、陇西,金城、汉阳(原为天水郡,东汉明帝永平17年,即公元74年更名)、武威、张掖、酒泉、敦煌、安定、北地等郡,只是辖县有所调整,比西汉时减少了26个。但郡的设置却增加了2个,即张掖属国(在今张掖市的东北,长官为属国都尉)、张掖居延属国(在居延海西,故址即今内蒙古自治区额济纳旗,长官为都尉)。属国在政区上相当于郡,为少数民族管理区。另外,省境南部边缘的一小部分地区分属益州。
 

Qintong yi liu guo to build a unified, multi-ethnic feudal centralized state, to promote the Spring and Autumn Period there own system of prefectures and counties, sub-national 36-gun (later increased to 40 counties). At that time, the provincial administrative divisions for the County throughout the county two-tier system, a total of Longxi, North County 2. Longxi Countyjun zhi di dao (they rule in the north-east this Lintao County), area of some of today's Gansu Province to the south-east; North Drainagejun zhi justice (it is this rule in the Northwest County), area around present-day north-eastern part of Gansu Province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region south-east place. One of the southeast corner of this subordinate Gannan County of Hanzhong (governance Nanzheng this Hanzhong). Below the county level administrative organization for the rural grass-roots level, where.
Western Han Dynasty and the Qin administrative divisions of the same at the two-tier counties. 205 BC, the Han emperor Longxi occupies only the north and the two counties. With the continuous expansion of the boundaries of Han Dynasty, then increase the number of counties. By virtue of the Han Dynasty Emperor powerful economic and military strength, from 133 BC to 119 BC, the concentration of troops against the Huns of regular harassment and obtained a military victory was on this basis has toyuan 2 years (121 years BC) Home in Wuwei, Jiuquan County 2. After 10 years, inyuan ding 6 years (111 BC), the sub-county of Zhangye Wuwei County home, out of Dunhuang County in Jiuquan County home. At the same time, migration to the mainland in Hexi 4 poor county, along the Yellow River to the west sinceshuo fang C (this Yongdeng County West), extensive military Dynasty, farmers combined with the military, consolidating frontier defense. Hexi 4 County set to cut off the Huns and Xiqiang traffic, opening up of China's Western Regions of the corridor leading to the development of Ha Tay, and promote the regional economic and cultural development of great significance. Later Emperoryuan ding 3 years (114 years BC) and additional Tianshui, stability County;yuan ding 6 years (111 years BC), based Wudu County;han zhao di million for six years before (BC 81 years ) from Tianshui, Longxi, Zhangye 3-gun County, the establishment of two separate Jincheng County. This makes the number of counties throughout the province by the Qin Dynasty the two counties increased to 10 counties, a total of 115 county jurisdiction, 10 (the county level, set up in minority areas). Road 10 is: Jialing Road (it is this rule in the north-west into the county), Xuncheng Road (it is this rule in the north-west Shaanxilue yang xian ), identified under the Road (it is this rule into the West County), River Road, a little (it governance All the water in this County Southwest), meaning the channels (they rule in this North West County),yin ping Road (it is the county government in the New Text), Pingle Road (it is this rule in the north-west-Ping Luokang xian town),rong yi Road ( Therefore, this rule Qinan East), Mianzhu dao (it is water governance in the Eastern city of wheat plot), Lueyang Road (it is this rule in the Northeast County). In addition to SAR, the Western Han Dynasty to strengthen the centralization of power, is also set up to monitor the area. Feng Yuan Emperor 5 years (106 years BC) of the world for 13 Cishi Department (state), or 13 to monitor the area, a provincial governor to send for each (renamed when Han mokcheng di ), each of their tour in Augustjun guo , the Central Government in accordance with the provisions of the Western Han Dynasty 6, examination of local government, can demote and promote, wrongful prosecution officials, marshals stronghao you cases, breaking the rationale for a miscarriage of justice. At that time, the Department of Gansuzhou ci shi is cool.
Eastern Han Dynasty, the administrative divisions of the whole state, county, the county three-tier system.han ling di Zhongping 5 years (AD 188 years), in order to enhance the strength of local officials, the suppression of the peasant uprising, the reform of local administrative systems, and expand the power of the provincial governor, and changed its name to mok Cishi to determine the state above the county level for local regime. This makes the implementation of the 400-year-old two-tier system for counties to expand for the state, county, County, three-tier system. At that time, an Liangzhou Gansu, Gansu governance (ie governance therefore Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County), Most of the area around present-day Gansu and southern Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Liangzhou a total of 10 county jurisdiction, two vassal state, 99 counties. 10 counties with the same building at the time of the Western Han Dynasty, namely: Wudu, Longxi, Jincheng, Hanyang (formerly Tianshui County, the Eastern Han Dynastyming di Yongping 17 years, was renamed AD 74), Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan, Dunhuang, stability , such as the North County, but some adjustments in the county jurisdiction, the Western Han Dynasty, when a decrease of more than 26. But the county has increased by setting the two, that is, Zhangye vassal state (in the north-east of Zhangye city today, Chief Executive for the country ofdu wei ), Zhangye Juyan vassal state (in the Hercynian Juyan, iegu zhi Ejinaqi Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Executivedu wei ). Area in the country of the equivalent of county government for the management areas of ethnic minorities. In addition, throughout the southern fringe of the province of a small part of the region belong to Yizhou.

 

 

   

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