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甘 肃 介 绍

 
 
地理地貌 汽车牌照 植物资源
隋唐五代时期 甘肃民族 西部开发
邮电通信 宋元明清时期 甘肃文化
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  甘肃宗教 秦汉时期
中华人民共和国成立以后  
三国和魏晋南北朝  
 

 

  

甘肃介绍

 
 

春秋战国以前

  商代,居于泾河、渭河流域尚处于氏族部落阶段的周朝的祖先周部落,改善耕作,开拓了我国最早的农业。周文王灭商以前,战败了西戎混夷,把境域扩展到密(今灵台县)。这一时期,甘肃境内有羌方、共(今泾川县北)、密(今灵台县西)等方国部落。
西周时,秦人的祖先在省境东部,即今天水地区定居下来,开始了由游牧经济向农业经济的缓慢过渡,而游牧生活仍占居主要的地位。他们本以游牧、狩猎为经济生活的主要内容,善于养马,“好马及畜,善养息之”,所以,他的首领非子被周孝王召至汧渭之间(今陕西扶风眉县)负责给周王室养马,使马有了很大的发展。周孝王后来封秦的祖先为“附庸”,“邑之秦”,在秦亭(今张家川回族自治县城南)筑城建邑,始有立足之地。
春秋时期,省境属秦国和西戎。西戎中较大的几个是:绵诸(天水附近)、邽戎(天水西南)、冀戎(今甘谷县南)、义渠戎(六盘山左右,今甘肃庆阳和宁夏回族自治区固原地区)、翟(今临洮县)、豲(今陇西县北)。这些戎族,仍保持着“以国为氏”的习惯,虽号称为国,实际上还处于原始社会阶段。西戎各国与秦国相邻。公元前770 年刚刚立国的秦国为了扩充势力,把它的视野对准西戎。但秦襄公几次伐戎都失败了。到秦武公时,由于中央集权的加强,势力迅速扩展,先后征服、并吞了绵诸、邽戎、冀戎、义渠戎、翟和豲等戎族。为了对新开辟的地区进行控制,秦国开始在这些地区建县。公元前688 年(秦武公十年)秦国在己被征服的邽戎、冀戎地区,设邽县(今天水麦积区南)、冀县(今甘谷县)。这是甘肃历史上建立最早的两个县。
 战国时期,秦国的疆域己达今甘肃的东南部。但曾被秦武公征伐过的绵诸、义渠、翟、豲等戎族部落乘秦忙于争霸的机会,又逐渐壮大起来,使秦国在与诸候国争雄的同时,不得不以相当的力量来对付诸戎。公元前320年秦派兵伐义渠,攻郁郅(今庆城县东),公元前314年再次伐义渠,得25城。至秦昭王时,义渠等戎终为秦所并,以其地设郡置县,加强统治。秦昭王27年(即公元前280年)设置陇西郡,时过9年,于秦昭王35年(公元前272年)再建立北地郡。
 

Shang dynasty, living in Jinghe, Weihe tribal clan is still in the stage of the ancestors of the Zhou dynasty Zhou tribes, to improve farming, to develop agriculture in China's earliest.zhou wen wang out to the past, defeated mixed Xi Rong Yi, the domain extended to the dense habitat (Lingtai this county). During this period, Gansu has Qiang Fang, a total of (this Jingchuan County North), Micronesia (this Lingtai County West), such as Fang tribe.
Western Zhou, the Qin's ancestors in the eastern province of habitat, that is, today water areas settled by the nomadic economy began to slow the transition of the agricultural economy, and the nomadic life is still the status of the main home. They present a nomadic, hunting for the main elements of economic life, good horse, "a good horse and livestock, good rates of custody", therefore, he was the head offei zi response tozhou xiao wang between Wei (now Shaanxi Fufeng eyebrow County) is responsible for the royal family will give a horse, so that the development of a great horse. Feng Qinzhou xiao wang ancestors was a "client", "town of Qin" inqin ting (now South Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County) to build urban-eup, place the start.
Spring and Autumn Period, the provincial territory is the state of Qin and Xi Rong. The larger the number of Xi Rong is: Mian Zhu (near Tianshui),Rong (Tianshui southwest),ji rong (this Gangu South County), Yi Rong Drainage (Liupanshan about this in Qingyang, Gansu and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Guyuan region), Zhai (Lintao this county),(this Longxi County North). These Rong family still maintained the "country's" habit, though called for the country, in fact, still in the stage of primitive society. Neighboring countries and Qin Xi Rong. Has just been founded in 770 BC, the Qin forces in order to expand it's field of vision at the Xi Rong. However, several cutting Rong Qinxiang gong failed. Qinwu the public, due to the strengthening of the centralization of power, the rapid expansion of forces, has conquered, and annexed all the cotton,Rong,ji rong , Drainage Rong Yi, Rong Zhai and communities such as. In order to open up new areas of control, Qin began to build in these areas the county. BC 688 years (decades Qinwu public) has been in the state of Qin conqueredRong,ji rong region, locatedCounty (today's South Water wheat plot),ji xian (this Gangu County). This is the history of the establishment of Gansu, the first two counties.
During the Warring States Period, Qin has been the territory of the south-eastern Gansu. However, the public has been Qinwu conquest of cotton all over, just drain, Zhai, Rongtribes, such as Qin busy hegemony by the opportunity to grow gradually, so that the state of Qin State in the cracks ofzhu hou At the same time, have with considerable force to put Rong. In 320 BC Qin Yi Drainage cutting troops attack Zhi Yu (nowqing cheng xian East), BC was once again cutting just 314 channels, a 25 city. When toqin zhao wang , Rong-yi, etc. by the end of the Qin and his home county to county based, to strengthen the rule.qin zhao wang 27 years (that is, 280 years BC) set Longxi County, when over 9 years inqin zhao wang 35 years (272 years BC) re-establishment of the North County.
 

 

 

   

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