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甘 肃 介 绍

 
 
地理地貌 汽车牌照 植物资源
隋唐五代时期 甘肃民族 西部开发
邮电通信 宋元明清时期 甘肃文化
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  甘肃宗教 秦汉时期
中华人民共和国成立以后  
三国和魏晋南北朝  
 

 

  

甘肃介绍

 
 

民国时期

  民国时期的甘肃

  辛亥革命以后,废除了清代的府、州、厅制。民国初期实行省、道、县三级制。民国元年(公元1912年),甘肃共设7道,下辖77县,即兰山道(治皋兰县,清兰州府地)、宁夏道(治宁夏县,清宁夏府地)、西宁道(治西宁目,清西宁府地)、泾原道(治平凉县,清平凉、秋阳府、泾州、固州、化平川厅地)、渭川道(治天水县,清秦、阶二州地)、安肃道(治酒泉县,清肃州、安西二州地)、甘凉道(治武威县,清甘、凉二州地)。1914年,改省的长官民政长(民国初期称都督)为巡按使,道的长官道尹为观察使(后改称道尹),次年,又改巡按使为省长。

  北伐战争以后,民国16年(1927年),废除道的建制,改县的行政长官知事为县长。随着军阀混战局面的结束,国民党政府对行政制度作了一些调整。1928年,划甘肃西宁道属之西宁、大通、乐都、循化、贵德、巴燕、湟源等7县,另建青海省;同时划甘肃宁夏道属之定夏、宁朔、灵武、盐池、平罗、中卫、金积、豫旺(原镇戎县,今固原县)等8县和宁夏护军使所辖的阿拉善额鲁特、额济纳土尔扈特2部地,成立宁夏省。区划调整分置以后,甘肃省辖64县,1929年增置到68县,增设了永靖(1929年析临夏县地设置)、和政(1929年析临夏、临洮县地置)、康县(1928年析武都县地置永县,后改康县)等县。后来,在少数民族地区原设拉卜楞设治局(1926年析循化县地设置,1928年改为夏河县)、康乐设治局的基础上,又陆续增置洮西设置局(1932年置)、卓尼设治局(1937年置)、肃北设治局(1938年置)。

  从1934年开始,甘肃省在县的行政建制之上,又新设立行政督察专员,作为省的辅助机关。这是国民党发动反共反人民的内战的产物,其目的在于推行和强化法西斯统治,镇压各族人民的革命运动。1934年开始在皋兰、固原、临夏等地设置行政督察专员公署,以后陆续增设。到1944年增加到9个,即:岷县(第一)、平凉(第二)、庆阳(第三)、天水(第四)、临夏(第五)、武威(第六)、酒泉(第七)、武都(第八)、临洮(第九)行政督察区(专员公署)。至解前夕,甘肃省共设9个行政督察专员公署,辖71县、1市(兰州市,1941年正式设市)、3局(卓尼、肃北设治局、湟惠管理局)。

  大革命时期,甘肃就有中国共产党领导的革命活动。1932年3月,正宁县四村塬周围72个村相继成立了革命委员会,建立了我省第一个工农民主政权。同年,成立了中共甘宁青特委。1933年3月,建立中共陕甘边特委。不久,陕甘边区苏维埃政府于1934年11月在华池县荔原堡诞生。接着华池、庆北(1936年与华池县合并)两县也成立了苏维埃政府。红军长征进军甘肃,突破天险腊子口,进入宕昌县境,通过渭河封锁线,召开哈过铺、榜罗会议,一、二、四方面军三大红军主力在会宁胜利会师,进一步促进了陕甘的革命活动。1935年11月,根据中华工农民主共和国中央执行委员会的决定,陕甘边区根据地划为陕甘省。1936年7月,改陕甘省为陕甘宁省,驻地迁往甘肃曲子,辖区在甘肃境内的有华池、环县、曲子、固北、赤庆、定环等县。1937年1月,中共关中特委派代表与国民党代表谈判,将正宁、宁县“一分为二”,国民党在其白区设两个县,共产党在红区设新宁、新正县,隶属关中分区。同年,陕甘宁省划分为三边分区和庆环分区。庆环专署辖华池、曲子、固北(后并入环县)、赤庆(后并入华池)、环县、定环(后分别并入环县和定边)6县,另在原统战区设陕甘宁边区陇东办事处,领导庆阳、合水、镇原、宁县的抗日救亡运动。1940年3月,庆阳、合水、镇原3县正式建立抗日民主政权。同年4月,陕甘宁边区政府决定建立陇东分区,在庆阳设立陇东分区行政督察专员公署,辖华池、环县、曲子、庆阳、合水、镇原6县。1949年6月,宁县、正宁两县划归陇东分区管辖。

 

Gansu Province in the Republic of China

After the Revolution, the abolition of the Qing Dynasty government, state, the Office system. In the early implementation of provincial and Road, the county three-tier system. In the first year (AD 1912), Gansu, a total of seven, under the jurisdiction of 77 counties, namely, Mt Road (Gaolan County government, the Qing government to Maryland), Ningxia Road (County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region government, the Qing government to Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region), Xining Road (governance Xining Head, the Qing government to Xining), Jing Yuan Dao (Pingliang County government, the Qing Pingliang, Qiuyang House Jingyang state, solid state, and the Office of Pingchuan), Wei-Chuan Road, (County, Tianshui rule, the Qing Qin, Second-order state to), an Su-Road (Jiuquan County government, the Qing Suzhou, Anxi second state to),gan liang Road (Wuwei County government, the Qing Gan, cool to the second state). 1914, to the provincial chief of the Executive District (in the early captaincy general said) forxun an shi , Road to observe the Executivedao yin so (later renameddao yin ), the following year, but also for the governor toxun an shi .

After the Northern Expedition, in 16 years (1927), by repealing the establishment of the Road, to County Chief Executive for the county governor. With the situation in the end of warlordism, the Nationalist government administrative system for a number of adjustments were made. In 1928, Gansu Province, Xining Road is zoned on the Xining, Chase, all music, Xunhua, Guide, Bayern, Huangyuan 7 counties, the construction of Qinghai Province; Gansu and Ningxia Road is zoned at the same time the setting is the summer ofning shuo , Ling Wu, Yanchi, Ping Luo, Zhongwei, Kim Ji, Yu-Wang (formerly the town of Rong County, this Guyuan county) County, and the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 8 under the jurisdiction of the Alashan Hujun so the amount of root, Ejinatu er 扈te 2, the establishment of Ningxia Province. After adjustment of split zoning, jurisdiction over 64 counties in Gansu Province, by 1929, home to 68 counties, the addition of Yongjing (Linxia County in 1929 to set up analysis), political (Linxia out in 1929, Lintao County home),kang xian (1928 Wudu County Analysis Wing County home, after thekang xian ) counties. Later, in ethnic minority areas in the original rule set basedla bo leng Board (Xunhua county in 1926 set out, replaced in Xiahe County in 1928), Recreation Board established the basis of governance, but also cleanse the West have set up home by the Board (1932 in home), rule-based Bureau Zhuoni (1937 home), Subei rule-based Council (Purchase 1938).

From 1934 onwards, in the County of Gansu Province on the administrative system and the new Chief Inspector of the Commissioner, as a subsidiary organ of the province. This is anti-people anti-communist Kuomintang launched a product of the civil war, aimed at promoting and strengthening the fascist rule, the suppression of the revolutionary movement of people of all ethnic groups. Gaolan started in 1934, Guyuan, Linxia settings such as the Chief Inspector's Office, after being created. Increased in 1944 to nine, namely: Minxian (first), Pingliang (second), Qingyang (III), Tianshui (IV), Linxia (V), Wuwei (VI), Jiuquan ( VII), Wudu (VIII), Lintao (IX) The Chief Inspector of the district (the Office). To the solution on the eve of Gansu Province, a total of nine Chief Inspector's Office, the jurisdiction over 71 counties, 1 city (the city of Lanzhou, a city official in 1941), 3 Board (Zhuoni, Subei rule-based Council, Hui Huangshui Authority).

Revolution period, there is the leadership of the CPC Gansu revolutionary activities. In March 1932, is the village of Highland County around the four villages were set up in 72 of the Revolutionary Committee, the first province to establish a democratic regime of workers and peasants. That same year, the CPC Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai set up a recorder. In March 1933, the establishment of the CPC Shaanxi and Gansu recordership edge. Shortly afterwards, the Government of Shaanxi and Gansu Soviet border in November 1934 in the original fort Lai was born in Huachi County. Then Huachi, Gyeongbuk (Huachi County in 1936 with the merger) counties also set up a Soviet Government. Gansu into the Red Army to break through the natural barrier Lazikou entered Dangchang County, through the blockade of Weihe River, Kazakhstan held off Shop, Luo Conference standings, one, two, three Red Army Fourth Army major realignment in Huining victory to further promote the revolutionary activities of Shaanxi and Gansu. In November 1935, according to the Chinese workers and peasants the Democratic Republic of the Central Executive Committee's decision, Shaanxi and Gansu border region Shaanxi and Gansu provinces as bases. July 1936, changed for the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia province of Shaanxi and Gansu Province, Gansu Province resident to move to music, in the area in Gansu Province have Huachi, Central County, music, solid North, Chek Renqing will ring counties. In January 1937, China Customs in the special representative of the appointment of representatives to negotiate with the KMT will Zhengning, County of "one divided into two," the KMT in its white, two counties, the Communist Party in the red zone to set up new Ning, the new is the county, under the Guanzhong district. The same year, the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia province is divided into triangular and Qing Wan Outline Zoning District. Central agency jurisdiction Renqing Huachi, music, solid North (later incorporated into the Central County), Red-Qing (later incorporated into the Huachi), Central County, will be the Central (later incorporated into the Central County and the respective Dingbian) 6 County, and the other in the original Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region set up the united front Longdong offices, the leadership of Qingyang, or water, the town of the original, the anti-Japanese national salvation movement County. In March 1940, Qingyang, or water, the county town of the original 3, the formal establishment of the anti-Japanese democratic regime. In April the same year, Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region Government has decided to establish Longdong Division, set up in eastern Gansu Qingyang District Chief Inspector's Office, the jurisdiction Huachi, Central County, music, Qingyang, or water, the county town of the original 6. June 1949, County, Zhengning Longdong district was placed under the jurisdiction of two counties.

 

 

   

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