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甘 肃 介 绍

 
 
地理地貌 汽车牌照 植物资源
隋唐五代时期 甘肃民族 西部开发
邮电通信 宋元明清时期 甘肃文化
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  甘肃宗教 秦汉时期
中华人民共和国成立以后  
三国和魏晋南北朝  
 

 

  

甘肃介绍

 
 

隋唐五代时期

  到隋唐五代,又回到秦汉的郡县两级制。

  隋初,隋文帝为改变南北朝时期州、郡、县三级体制过于分散的状况,根据“存要去闲,并小为大”的原则,开皇三年(公元583 年)裁并州郡,取消郡一级建制,实行以州统县,使东汉末年以来实行的三级地方政制,重新恢复为州、县两级制。隋炀帝大业三年(公元607 年),又改州为郡,以郡统县,并分郡为上、中、下三等。另设司隶和刺史分部巡察,主掌监察。经裁并,省境共设16郡、76县。同北周时相比,裁抗了22个州、40个郡、28个县。当时设置的16个郡是:安定郡(今平凉地区一部和镇原县)、北地郡(今庆阳地区一部和陕西省彬县、宁夏回族自治区固原县北)、弘化郡(今庆阳地区东北部)、平凉郡(今平凉地区西北部和宁夏回族自治区固原县一部)、天水郡(今天水市部分地区)、陇西郡(今定西地区一部和秦安县东北部)、金城郡(今兰州市、临洮县)、包罕郡(今临夏大部、临洮县南部和青海省乐都县南部)、武威郡(今武威地区一部和永登县南部)、张掖郡(今张掖地区一部和酒泉县)、敦煌郡(今敦煌 、安西和玉门市一部)、汉阳郡(今礼县大部)、临洮郡(今岷县和甘南藏族自治州部分地区)、宕昌郡(今宕昌和舟曲县部分地区)、武都郡(今陇南地区部分地方)、河池郡(今陇南部分地区和陕西省凤县)。

  唐朝,初改郡为州,唐玄宗时又改州为郡,祜肃宗时再改郡为州,终唐之世,仍为州、县两级制,郡只是地理区域的名称。按照唐的定制,州分辅、雄、望、紧、上、中、下七等,县分上、中、下三等。类似这样的划分,一直延续到清代。当时省境共设22州,辖67县。全省设置的州是:秦州(今天水市)、河州(今临夏市)、渭州陇西郡(今陇西、渭源、武山、漳县)、兰州(今兰州市皋兰县)、阶州(今武都县)、洮州(今临潭县)、岷州(今岷县和临潭县南部)、叠州(今临潭县西南和白龙江上游)、宕州(今舟曲以西、宕昌东南)、凉州(今武威市、金昌市、古浪县)、沙州(今敦煌县)、瓜州(今安西县)、甘州(今张掖市、山丹县)、肃州(今酒泉市玉门市)、泾州(今泾川、灵台、平凉市、镇原县)、原州(今平凉市西北和宁夏回族自治区固原县)、渭州(分原州平凉县置,今平凉市)、宁州(天宝元年即公元742 年改北地郡置,今宁县、正宁和镇原县东部)、庆州(今庆阳地区大部)、凤州(今两当、徽县和陕西省凤县)、文州(今文县)和狄道府(今临洮县西)。除了行政,唐代还设有监察区。唐太宗贞观元年(公元627 年),依山川形势分全国为10道(唐玄宗元二十一年即公 元733年增为15道),甘肃置陇右道,治鄯州(今青海省乐都县),兼属关内道(治长安)、山南西道(治梁州)。主要是监察非法,道的长官为采访使,由中央委派,事毕即回。唐睿宗景云元年置河西节度使,景云二年从右道中分置河西道。唐玄宗开元年间,河西、陇西均置节度使,实际上成为地方最高军政长官,无所不统。唐肃宗乾元元年(公元758 年)以后,改道的长官为观察使,蟥理民政,行使部分行政职权,其后逐渐变成州上的一级政区。贞元以后,唐朝政府悉调西北戎军平定“安史之乱”,汉唐以来成为东西交通咽喉之地的河西走廊空虚,蕃乘机占领河西,先后攻陷甘、凉、肃、瓜、沙和熙、河、洮、岷、宕等州,控制河陇地区前后约八九十年之久。五代时期,后梁占有甘肃之一部,后唐约有秦、阶、成、泾、原等州,后晋据有武州(今环县),后周有秦、阶、成州,前蜀占据甘肃的东南部。
 

Five Dynasties and the Sui and Tang dynasties, the Qin and Han returned to a two-tier system of counties.

sui chu , Northern and Southern Dynastiessui wen di to change the state, county, and county levels of the state of the system is too fragmented, according to "keep going free, and small for the" principle, Kaihuang three years (AD 583 years) cut down and merge-gun, the abolition of county-level system, the implementation of the State Commission in the county, so that since the implementation of the Eastern Han Dynasty at the three levels of the local political system and to regain for the State, County, a two-tier system. Emperor of the great cause of three years (AD 607), the state has changed for the County to County, County Commission and sub-county, for the upper, middle and lower third. A separate divisionsi li and inspection of the provincial governor, head of monitoring. By cut down and merge, a total of 16 provinces throughout the county, 76 counties. When compared with the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the anti-CD 22 states, 40 counties, 28 counties. At that time, 16-gun set up is: stability and gun (Pingliang this region and the town of a former county), North County (now in Qingyang Prefecture of Shaanxi Province and one Binxian, Guyuan County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region North),hong hua County (now the north-east of Qingyang Prefecture), Pingliang County (north-western region and this Pingliang Guyuan County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region a), Tianshui County (today the city water in some areas), Longxi County (this one and Qinan Dingxi Northeast Department), Jincheng County (now in Lanzhou City, Lintao County), including rare gun (most of this Linxia, Lintao county in Ledu County, Qinghai Province in southern and south), Wuwei County (now in Wuwei County Yongdeng region and a southern), Zhangye County (now the Zhangye and Jiuquan region of a county), Dunhuang County (now in Dunhuang, Anxi and Yumen City 1), Hanyang-gun (most of this Lixian), Lintao County (now Minxian and Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in some areas) , Dangchang County (now County Zhouqu Dangchang and in some areas), Wudu County (now part of the Longnan region), Hechi County (now part of the region and Longnan FENGXIAN Shaanxi Province).

Tang Dynasty, the beginning of reform for the State County, Xuanzong for the county when the state changed, changed again when Hu King County for the state, the end of the World Tang at state, county two-tier system, gun is the name of geographical region. Tang customized according to the state sub-Des male, looking tight, upper, middle and lower, such as seven, county sub-upper, middle and lower third. Similar division until the Qing Dynasty. At that time, a total of 22 provinces throughout the state, 67 county jurisdiction. State of the province set up is: Qinzhou (today the city water), River State (now Linxia City),wei zhou Longxi County (now Longxi, Weiyuan, Wushan, Zhangxian), Lanzhou (Lanzhou today Gaolan County), band states (Imatake County), Tao states (this Lintan),岷zhou (this Minxian and Lintan southern), overlapping states (this Lintan the upper reaches of the Southwest and Bailongjiang), dang state (this Zhouqu west Dangchang southeast), Liangzhou (now in Wuwei City, Jinchang City, Gulang County), Sha Chau (now Dunhuang County),gua zhou (this Anxi), Ganzhou (present Zhangye City, Shandan County ), Suzhou (present Jiuquan Yumen City), Jing states (now Jing-chuan, Lingtai, Pingliang City, the town of the original county), the original state (this Pingliang Guyuan County, northwest and the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region),wei zhou (the original sub - Pingliang County home state, this Pingliang City), Lai Chau (Tianbao year AD 742 was changed to the North County home, this County, Zhengning County and the eastern part of town), Gyeongju (most of this in Qingyang Prefecture), Fung State (now the two when, Hui County in Shaanxi Province and Fengxian), the text states (New Text County) anddi dao House (now Lintao County West). In addition to the executive, the Tang Dynasty also has to monitor the area. Zhenguan the first year of Emperor Taizong (AD 627), the mountains and rivers in accordance with the situation in the country for 10 hours (Xuanzonger shi yi nian AD 733 million increased to 15 years) and Gansu Longyou Road home, and in governing the Shan State (Qinghai this music County), and is related with the Road (governance Chang'an), West Hill Road (liang zhou rule). Primarily to monitor the illegal, Road for an interview so that the Executive, appointed by the central authorities, a matter that is complete back. Rui Tang King Wan in the first year of home Hexi Jiedushi, King Wan Road, two right middle Hexi Road home. Xuanzong open the first year, the Hexi Corridor, Longxi Jiedushi home are, in fact, the highest military and local Executive, no unification, no. Qianyuan the first year of King Tang (AD 758 years), the diversion of the Executive for the observation to make, horseleech rationale for civil affairs, the exercise of some administrative authority, subsequently becoming a state on the political area. Zhenyuan since the Tang Dynasty, the government noted that the Northwestrong jun Pingding tune "An-Shih Rebellion" East and West traffic since the Han and Tang Dynasties throat emptiness of the Hexi Corridor, Fan occupation Hexi opportunity has captured Gan, cooler, Stephen, Guanajuato, sand and Xi, River, Tao, Min, dang, such as state and control areas before and after the Helongba jiu shi nian years. Five Dynasties period, Gansu possession of a Later Liang, Later Tang about Qin, bands, into, Jing, the original state and so on,hou jin of arms, according to the state (now the Central County), Qinhou zhou , bands, into the state,qian shu to occupy the south-east of Gansu Department.
 

 

 

   

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