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甘 肃 介 绍

 
 
地理地貌 汽车牌照 植物资源
隋唐五代时期 甘肃民族 西部开发
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甘肃介绍

 
 

地理地貌

甘肃省位于祖国地理中心,地处黄河上游,地域辽阔。介于北纬32°11′~42°57′、东经92°13′~108°46′之间。东接陕西,东北与宁夏毗邻,南邻四川,西连青海、新疆,北靠内蒙,并与蒙古人民共和国接壤。甘肃地貌复杂多样,山地、高原、平川、河谷、沙漠、戈壁,类型齐全,交错分布,地势自西南向东北倾斜。地形呈狭长状,东西长1655公里,南北宽530公里,复杂的地貌形态,大致可分为各具特色的六大地形区域:

陇南山地:这里重峦叠嶂,山高谷深,植被丰厚,到处清流不息。这一区域大致包括渭水以南、临潭、迭部一线以东的山区,为秦岭的西延部分。山地和丘陵西高东低,绿山对峙,溪流急荡,峰锐坡陡,恰似江南风光,又呈五岭逶迤。南疆的“纤秀”,北国的“粗犷”,在这里得到了完美的融合。

陇中黄土高原:位于甘肃省中部和东部,东起甘陕省界,西至乌鞘岭畔。这里曾经孕育了华夏民族的祖先,建立过炎黄子孙的家园,亿万年地壳变迁和历代战乱,灾害侵蚀,使它支离破碎,尤以定西中部地区成了祖国最贫瘠的地方之一,但蕴含着无尽的宝藏。这里有苍松翠柏,有潺潺溪流,有丰富的石油、煤炭,也有闻名遐迩的名山大川。黄河从这里穿流而过,造就了多少天险夜渡,雄关要塞,峪口大峡。刘家峡、盐锅峡、八盘峡的水轮,把无穷无尽的动力和光明,奉送给这块土地,焕发它新的青春,改变着它昔日的贫困。

甘南高原:它是“世界屋脊”——青藏高原东部边缘一隅,地势高耸,平均海拔超过3000米,是个典型的高原区。这里草滩宽广,水草丰美,牛肥马壮,是甘肃省主要畜牧业基地之一。

河西走廊:斜卧于祁连山以北,北山以南,东起乌鞘岭,西迄甘新交界,是块自东向西、由南而北倾斜的狭长地带。海拔在1000-1500米之间。长约1000余公里,宽由几公里到百余公里不等。这里地势平坦,机耕条件好,光热充足,水资源丰富,是著名的戈壁绿洲。有着发展农业的广阔前景,是甘肃主要的商品粮基地。

祁连山地:在河西走廊以南,长达1000多公里,大部分海拔在3500米以上,终年积雪,冰川逶迤,是河西走廊的天然固体水库,植被垂直分布明显,荒漠、草场、森林、冰雪,组成了一幅色彩斑斓的立体画面。

河西走廊以北地带:这块东西长1000多公里,海拔在1000-3600米的地带,人们习惯称之为北山山地,这里靠近腾格里沙漠和巴丹吉林沙漠。风高沙大,山岩裸露,荒漠连片,一块块山间平原,是难以耕作之地,人烟虽然稀少,却能领略“大漠孤烟直,长河落日圆”的塞外风光。

甘肃是个多山的省,地形以山地、高原为主。最主要的山脉首推祁连山、乌鞘岭、六盘山,其次诸如阿尔金山、马鬃山、合黎山、龙首山、西倾山、子午岭山等,多数山脉属西北-东南走向。省内的森林资源多集中在这些山区,大多数河流都从这些山脉形成各自分流的源头。
Gansu province is located in the geographic center of the motherland, is located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, a vast territory. Between latitude 32 ° 11 '~ 42 ° 57', longitude 92 ° 13 '~ 108 ° 46' between. The east of Shaanxi, and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region adjacent to the northeast, south Sichuan, west of Qinghai, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, north, and bordering the People's Republic of Mongolia. Complex and varied topography of Gansu, mountain, plateau, plain, valley, desert, the Gobi, the type of complete, staggered distribution, terrain tilt from southwest to northeast. Strip of the terrain was like, 1655 kilometers from east to west, north and south 530 kilometers wide and complex landscape patterns can be broadly divided into six topographical regions with their own characteristics:

Longnan mountain: re-Hsiukuluan overlapping peaks where the mountain and deep valley, the vegetation abundant everywhere always clean. The region generally, including Weishui south Lintan, Late first-line east of the mountains, for the extension part of the West Qinling. Mountains and low hills of West High East, Green Mountain confrontation, streams radical swing,po dou sharp peaks, like the southern scenery, but also showed Five Ridges. The southern border of the "xian xiu ," the North's "rough" here was the perfect fusion.

Longzhong Loess Plateau: located in central and eastern Gansu Province, the East from the Shaanxi provincial boundaries Gan, Wushaoling west bank. Here have given birth to the ancestors of the Chinese nation, the establishment of the Chinese people had homes, and successive changes in the earth's crust millions of years of war, disasters, erosion, it fragmented, especially in the central region of Dingxi motherland has become one of the most barren places, but contains endless treasures. There are Cangsong cypresses, a gurgling streams, is rich in oil, coal, but also the world famous mountains. Yellow River flows from here and had to wear, creating a natural barrier, the number of night ferry,xiong guan fortress, Meiyukou Daxia. Liujiaxia, Yanguoxia, Bapanxiashui lun of the endless power and bright, give it to this land, call forth its new youth and change the poverty of its past.

Gannan plateau: it is the "roof of the world" - the eastern edge of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau corner, high terrain, an average of more than 3000 meters above sea level, is a typical area of the plateau. Here the broad marsh, lush water, cattle manure Ma Zhuang, Gansu Province is one of the main base for animal husbandry.

Hexi Corridor: decumbens in the north of Qilian Mountain, Beishan south from Wushaoling East and West until the new junction of Gan is a block from east to west, from south to north strip tilt. Between 1000-1500 meters in elevation. More than 1,000 kilometers in length, width from a few kilometers to over a hundred kilometers. This flat,ji geng conditions, adequate light and heat, rich in water resources, is a famous desert oasis. Has the broad prospects for development of agriculture is the major commodity grain base in Gansu Province.

Qilianshan to: in the south of the Hexi Corridor, more than 1,000 kilometers, most of more than 3500 meters above sea level in the snow fields, glaciersis the Hexi Corridor of solid natural reservoirs, the vertical distribution of vegetation Obviously, desert, grassland, forest, snow and ice to form a colorful three-dimensional images.

Hexi Corridor, north of Belt: This 1,000 km from east to west, an elevation of 1000-3600 meters in the area, people used to call the northern mountain, near here, Tengger Desert and Badain Jaran Desert. Gaosha wind, and bare rock, desert lace, a block mountain plain, it is difficult to farm the land, densely Although rare, can enjoy the "desertgu yan straight down the long river of yen" of the scenery beyond the Great Wall.

Gansu province is a mountainous terrain in the mountains, the main plateau. Indisputably the most important Qilian Mountains, Wushaoling, Liupanshan, followed, such as Altun,ma zong shan with a Li Shan, the first long hill, dumping the West Hill, Ziwuling mountain, the majority of mountains are the northwest - southeast direction. The province's forest resources are more concentrated in these mountains, most of the rivers from these mountains form the source of their diversion.
 

 

 

   

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