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靖远概述 靖远区位 靖远地貌 三秦藩篱古会州
靖远建置 靖远人口 靖远区划 关陇严邑靖虏卫

    靖远,中国西部一个文明古老的县份,黄河上游一方生机蓬勃的土地。她处于黄土高原西北边缘,位居甘肃省中部,山环水绕,地域辽阔,钟灵毓秀,人文荟萃,历史源远流长,文化积淀深厚,自古就是连接中原与西域的必经通道,成为古丝绸之路北线重镇之一。素有“秦陇枢机”、“金城锁钥”之称谓,被誉为“陇上名邑”、“黄河明珠”。
  靖远,历史悠久,文化灿烂。她犹如华夏文明摇篮中的一枝奇葩,以其厚重的历史文化底蕴,独特的地理人文景观,展现出不凡的气势,绚丽多姿,古朴典雅。追溯境内先民活动的踪迹,在距今五千年的新石器时代中晚期,这块古老的土地上便有人类生存繁衍,考古发现了堡子山、红嘴子、庙洼山等多处人类生活遗址,出土了大量陶器及石具文物。春秋战国时期,靖远为羌戎游牧地,保存有西周至春秋时期游牧民族的典型文化遗址——吴家川岩画。战国末期为秦国领地,秦统一中国后属北地郡。西汉武帝元鼎三年,始置祖厉、鹑阴县,肇启靖远两千一百多年的县级行政建制历史。元鼎五年,汉武帝西行巡游到达祖厉县,临黄河而返。南北朝时期,西魏大丞相宇文泰率部出征会师于祖厉县,欣然置为会州。历经隋唐宋元朝代,境内长期处于争战状态,唐末陷于吐蕃,宋代先后为西夏和金朝占领,州治多有迁徙,称谓频繁更易。明朝因边防需要,于正统二年设置靖虏卫,这里成为明王朝与北元蒙古国的军事冲突地带。清代顺治元年更名靖远卫,雍正八年改称靖远县。此后,行政隶属关系多有改变,但县名沿用至今。
  靖远,区位优越,物产丰富。她处在黄河上游古代中国游牧文明向农耕文明的过渡地带。很久以前,境内森林遍布,水草丰茂,曾经是古人类理想的游牧场地。由于黄河穿境而过,雨水充沛,河谷两岸大片冲积地带土质肥沃,光照充足,自然条件适宜早期农耕产业的形成和发展。东汉时期,靖远地属边陲,戍卒守边,实行军垦,境内屯田成片,阡陌纵横,成为古代农业开发较早的地区。唐代贞观年间,因盛产谷物,仓储殷实,改名粟州。明代设卫后,广垦荒田,修渠引水,灌溉农业由此发端,开黄河水利之先河。二十世纪七十至八十年代,先后建成兴堡子川、刘川、三场塬三大高扬程电力提灌工程,黄河沿岸一批小型水利工程相继上马,旱地变良田,荒漠起绿洲,靖远成为黄河上游重要的灌溉农业区。改革开放以来,现代农业科技的推广应用,农业产业结构的调整优化,蔬菜、养羊两大特色产业培育壮大,瓜果、夏杂粮、稻米等传统产业重点开发,实现了传统农业向现代农业的转变,农业大县名副其实,已建成瓜果、蔬菜、水稻等十大商品基地,形成地方农业名优特产品二十多个门类。靖远不仅是甘肃省最大的优质稻米生产区,被喻为“塞上小江南”,高效设施农业使反季节蔬菜生产形成规模优势,享有“陇原菜乡”的誉称,而且是甘肃省重要的羔羊肉产地和集散中心,陇上佳肴“靖远羊羔肉”美味可口,成为饮誉西北的地方美食品牌。靖远境内矿产资源丰富,已探明的有金、银、铜、铁、锰等金属矿藏,以及煤、石灰石、重晶石、高岭土、石膏、石英石、沸石等非金属矿藏,近年最新勘探发现的大型坡缕石矿,品位及蕴藏量均居世界前列。地方工业以煤炭开采为主,水泥、陶瓷、农业化工、农副产品加工等产业形成一定规模,独具地域优势。商贸流通等第三产业迅猛发展,民营经济快速成长,昔日“旱码头”情景再现,已跻身甘肃省个体私营经济十强县行列。
  靖远,钟灵毓秀,人才济济。历史上这里曾为边塞要地,人习武艺,不惮攻杀。自东汉末年至清代初期,将才辈出,风起云涌,先后有张济、张绣、郭斌、赵率教、吴瑛、路瑛、王进宝、潘育龙、宋可进等将帅之才二十多人,精忠报国,名垂青史。近代,崇文重教,学风蔚然,范振绪、陈国钧、朱铭心、苏振甲、张云锦、王定元等名流贤达,层出不穷,光耀陇原。现代,靖远又是一个具有光荣革命历史传统的地区。一九三二年,中共陕西省委派遣谢子长、焦唯炽策划领导的靖远起义,是甘肃党史上影响深远的重大历史事件。一九三三年,王儒林、李慕愚领导建立的“西北抗日义勇军”,是甘肃省较早的一支革命武装力量。一九三六年九月至十月,彭德怀率领的西方野战军(红一方面军)进驻靖远,策应红二、四方面军北上。徐向前、陈昌浩、李先念指挥红军在靖远虎豹口强渡黄河,点燃了革命的火种,一批靖远籍青年学生奔赴延安,投身革命事业,成为领导地方革命斗争的中坚力量,或为国捐躯,或功勋卓著。先烈英勇献身的革命精神,激励着世代靖远儿女,奋发努力,自强不息。 
    乾坤震荡,沧海桑田。经历悠悠岁月的风雨洗礼,走过人类社会漫长的发展里程,古老质朴的靖远,从凝重的历史陈迹中一步步走向现代的辉煌,恰似点缀在华夏文明天际上一颗耀眼的星辰,闪烁着璀璨的光芒。

    Jingyuan, China's ancient civilization, a western counties, the upper reaches of the Yellow River side of the vibrant land. She is in the northwest edge of the Loess Plateau, the highest in central Gansu Province, mountain water around the ring, a vast territory, Zhong Ling Yuk Sau, the Gathering of Talents for a long history, profound cultural heritage, has always been connected with the central plains of the Western Regions by the channel will become the ancient Silk Road, North Line one of the city. Known as "Cardinal Qin Long," "Jincheng Suoyao" of the title, known as "Long name on the town," "Pearl of the Yellow River." 
    Jingyuan, a long history and splendid culture. She is like the cradle of Chinese civilization in a wonderful, rich in its cultural history, unique geography human landscape, showing great momentum, wonderful, flavor. Retrospective traces the activities of the territory of our ancestors, 5,000 years ago in the middle and late Neolithic period, this ancient land of human existence, there will continue to proliferate archaeological discovery of Baoziwan Hill, son of Red-billed, Temple Hill depression, and so on a number of sites of human life , Unearthed a large number of pottery and stone artifacts. Spring and Autumn period, Jingyuan for nomadic Qiang Rong, the preservation of Western Zhou Dynasty to the Spring and Autumn Period there is the typical nomadic cultural sites - Rock Chia-chuan. Qin territory for the late Warring States, Qin unified China after a county in the north. Emperor Wu of the Western Han Yuan Ding three years before the ancestral home of Li, Yin County, quail, Zhao Qi Jingyuan 2100 years of history at the county level administrative units. Yuan Ding five years, Emperor Li westbound parade to the Dazu County, and the temporary return of the Yellow River. Northern and Southern Dynasties period, the major Western Wei Yu Wentai prime minister led his troops in battle to join their ancestors Li County, is pleased to be home to the state. After the Song and Yuan dynasties, Sui and Tang dynasties, in the territory of the long-term battle, the late Tang into Tibet, one after another in the Song Dynasty to the Western Xia and Jin occupation, the state government have more movement, more frequent description. As a result of the Ming border require, in 2002 the formal setting Krupp Jing Wei, this become the Ming Dynasty and the Northern Mongolia million military conflict zone. Junji the first year of the Qing Dynasty changed its name Wei Jingyuan, Yongzheng was renamed eight years Jingyuan County. Since then, the relationship between the number of administrative changes, but the counties were still in use. 
    Jingyuan, excellent location, rich products. Her in the upper reaches of the Yellow River in ancient Chinese civilization to the nomadic farming civilization of the transition zone. A long time ago, the territory around the forest, water Feng Mao, who is an ancient nomadic human ideal venue. Due to wear the Yellow River and throughout, with plenty of rainfall, large areas of cross-strait alluvial valley area fertile soil, sufficient light, natural conditions suitable for the formation of early farming industry and development. Eastern Han Dynasty, in Jingyuan County is a border, Shucushoubian, Junken implemented, the territory into a film Dynasty, China criss-cross paths and become ancient agricultural development earlier. Zhenguan years of the Tang Dynasty, as a result of grain-rich, well-off warehouse, renamed the Su state. Wei Ming Dynasty set up after extensive field Reclamation, Xiuqu water, agricultural irrigation which the originator, the first of the Yellow River Water Conservancy. 70 of the twentieth century to the 1980s, has built Baoziwan Hing Chuan, Liu Chuan, three high plateau of the three major power to lift irrigation projects along the Yellow River water conservancy projects have been launched in a number of small, dry fields change, the desert oasis effect, Jingyuan The upper reaches of the Yellow River has become an important agricultural irrigation district. Since reform and opening up of modern agricultural science and technology popularization and application, adjust and optimize the industrial structure of agriculture, vegetables, sheep foster growth of the two major industries, fruits, cereals summer, rice and other traditional industries focused on the development, the achievement of traditional agriculture to modern agriculture Changes in the agricultural county worthy of the name, have been completed and fruits, vegetables, rice and so on the 10 commodity base to form a special quality of local agricultural products, more than 20 categories. Jingyuan County in Gansu Province is not only the largest high-quality rice production area, has been hailed as the "small stuffed with Jiangnan", high-performance facilities so that the agriculture-season vegetable production scale advantages enjoyed by the "Long Yuan Township vegetables," Yu said, but also in Gansu The important province of lamb meat production and distribution center on Long-food "Jingyuan Yang Gaorou" delicious, became renowned in the north-west of the local food brands. Jingyuan territory rich in mineral resources, have proven gold, silver, copper, iron, manganese and other metal deposits, as well as coal, limestone, barite, kaolin, gypsum, quartz rock, zeolite, and other non-metallic minerals, the latest in recent years Found that large-scale exploration of palygorskite quarry, and the grade of reserves ranking first in the world. Local coal mining industry in the main, cement, ceramics, agricultural chemicals, agricultural products processing industry to form a certain scale, the unique geographical advantage. The flow of commerce, such as the rapid development of the tertiary industry, the rapid growth of the private economy, the old "terminal drought," the scene again, Gansu Province, has been among the top 10 individual and private economies, the county ranks. 
    Jingyuan, Zhong Ling Yuk Sau, many talented people. In the history of this frontier fortress has to be, the martial arts people, Budangongsha. Since the early Eastern Han Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, will only come forth in large numbers, surging, there have been Zhang Ji, Zhang Xiu, Guo Bin, Zhao rate education, Wu Ying, Lu Ying, Wang Jin Bao, Pan Yu Long, Song Jiang Shuai, and so it can enter only two more than the general Serve the country, go down in history. In modern times, Chongwen re-education, study style Weiran, Fanzhen Xu, Guo-Jun Chen, Xin Ming, Su Jia, Zhang Yun Jin, Wang Ding-yuan, and other leaders of celebrities, one after another, Long Yuan Guangyao. Modern, and Jingyuan County is a glorious revolutionary history and tradition. In 1932, the CPC Shaanxi Provincial Party chief dispatched XIE Zi, Jiao Wei Chi-planned uprising led by Jingyuan, Gansu is the party's far-reaching in the history of major historical events. In 1933, Wang Rulin, Li Mu-yu led the establishment of the "anti-Japanese northwest of the Volunteers", Gansu Province, is an early Revolutionary Armed Forces. September-October 1936, led by Peng's field army in the West (Red Army) stationed in Jingyuan County, coordinate the two red, four-front army northward. Xu Xiangqian, Chen Changhao, Li Xiannian the Red Army command in Duhuang He Jingyuan Tiger Balm strong population, the revolution ignited the fire, Jingyuan a group of young students who went to Yan'an, to join the revolutionary cause that has led the local backbone of revolutionary struggle, Or sacrificed their lives for the country, or the remarkable feats. The heroic martyrs of the revolution in the spirit of devotion, and inspired generations Jingyuan children, work hard for continuous improvement. 
    Shock the course of events, changed in. Long years of experience of the baptism of wind and rain, through the development of human society long mileage, the plain old Jingyuan, from the grave a thing of the past in a brilliant step by step toward a modern, like the embellishment of Chinese civilization in the sky on a dazzling stars, shone Bright light.

 

 

   

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